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Mr. Stickler's Liberty Christian HIST 10 Ch. 14 "Absolutism" Tst Flashcards 2017

List one (1) of the causes of the Thirty Years’ War Political and territorial motives.
List one (1) of the effects of the Thirty Years’ War. All major European powers became involved. (You could also say "Germany was plundered for 30 years.")
What was the “divine right of kings”? James' belief that his power as a monarch (king) came from God and that he was only responsible to God.
What was the “restoration”? The restoring of the Stuart monarchy in England.
What was the Glorious Revolution? When Dutch forces led by William invaded England and King James and his family fled to France.
Who were Huguenots? French Protestants influenced by John Calvin.
How did Elizabeth Tudor “try to keep Spain & France from becoming too powerful by balancing power”? She was moderate in her foreign policy.
What did the Edict of Nantes state/ do? It recognized Catholicism as the official religion of France. Gave Huguenots the right to worship & enjoy the privileges of holding public offices.
What did Philip II hope to accomplish with a "successful invasion of England"? To overthrow British Parliament.
What were the names of the two (2) groups that fought in the civil war that erupted in 1642? 1. Cavaliers; 2. Roundheads.
What does the term "Absolutism" mean? "A system in which a ruler holds total power."
What three (3) things "made finances a crucial issue for Louis XIV? 1. Cost of building palaces; 2. Maintain his court; 3. Pursuing his wars.
What did Thomas Hobbes believe about society before it was organized? That life was "solitary, poor, nasty, brutish, & short".
John Locke believed that - before society was organized - humans lived in what kind of state? Humans lived in a state of equality & freedom rather than a state of war.
"The artistic Renaissance came to an end when a new movement called ____________________ emerged in Italy in the 1520's and 1530's.?" Mannerism.
What artistic movement "began in Italy at the end of the 16th century and eventually spread to the rest of Europe & Latin America?" Baroque.
What is the name of the ". . . . cultural flowering (that) took place in England in the late 16th and early 17th centuries"? The Elizabethan Era.
Why was admission to The Globe theater one (1) or two (2) pennies? So that all social classes could attend.
What were 4 main principles of the English Bill of Rights? 1.) Gave Parliament the right to make laws & levy taxes; 2.) Parliament's consent was needed to raise armies; 3.) Kings could not do anything without Parliament's consent; 4.) Citizens kept right to bear arms & trial by jury. (Pg. 463)
What did the Toleration Act of 1689 do/establish? This law granted Protestants - but not Catholics - the right to free public worship. (Pg. 463)
What was the difference between Thomas Hobbes' view of the Social Contract versus John Locke's? Hobbes believed that the people could not break the Social Contract no matter what the government did. Locke believed that citizens could break the Social Contract & replace the government if their rights were violated.
What does the term "Social Contract" mean refer to? This term relates to the idea that citizens must give up a bit of their freedom to the government in exchange for protection of their rights & freedoms.
List three (3) things that contributed to the economic and social problems of 16th century Europe? 1.) Loss of Muslim & Jewish artisans and merchants; 2.) War, famine, & plague; 3.) Witchcraft hysteria (Pgs. 258 & 259)
What does the term "inflation" mean/ refer to? This term means "rising prices". (Pg. 458)
Who led the Catholic forces during the Thirty Years' War? The Hapsburg Holy Roman emperors & Protestant nobles from Bohemia led this group. (Pg. 460)
What was the Peace of Westphalia? This was the name of the treaty that ended the Thirty Years' War. (Pg. 460)
Who was Cardinal Richelieu? He was Louis XIII's chief minister. He helped strengthen the power of the monarchy and took away the Huguenots' political and military rights (but preserved their religious rights). (Pg. 464)
Who was the first Russian ruler to take the title of "czar"? Ivan IV was the first person to do this. (Pg. 468)
What does the term "natural rights" mean/ refer to? This term refers to "rights with which people were born". (Pg. 476)
Created by: sticklerpjpII