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Western Civilization

Vocab Section 8.1 Royal Power Grows

TermDefinition
Domesday Book the results of the census that William the Conqueror ordered in 1086, it listed every castle, field, and pigpen in England & was used to build an efficient system of tax collecting.
common law decisions of the royal courts during the reign of King Henry II; laws that were the same for all people.
jury group of men sworn to speak the truth gathered by local officials when traveling justices visited an area; developed into today's grand jury.
Thomas Becket the archbishop of Canterbury who opposed King Henry II's attempts to expand royal power; was murdered by Henry's supporters.
Magna Carta nobles forced King John to sign this document. It guaranteed the nobles certain rights & privileges, said the king was not above the law, granted trial by jury, and habeas corpus.
Model Parliament assembly called together by Edward I including representatives of the "common people" set up the framework for England's legislature.
Saint Louis King Louis IX of France, considered a model monarch; was made a saint within 30 years of his death.
Estates General governmental body set up in France by King Philip IV in 1302; had representatives from France's three classes.
William the Conqueror King Edward died without an heir leaving a fight for the crown. The Duke of Normandy from France was a Viking descendant who claimed the throne. He raised an army & was backed by the Pope, and defeated Harold in the Battle of Hastings 1066.
due process of law the requirement that the government act fairly & in accordance with established rules in all that it does.
Habeas corpus principle that a person cannot be held in prison without first being charged with a specific crime.
Created by: Robechta