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Chapter 7

Male Reproductive System

testis, testicle primary male sex organs, paired, oval-shaped, and enclosed in a sac called the scrotum. Produces sperm cells and testosterone
sperm the microscopic male germ cell, which, when united with the ovum, produces a zygote then becomes and embryo
testosterone the principal male sex hormone
seminiferous tubules approximately 900 coiled tubes within the testes in which spermatogenesis occurs
epididymis coiled tube atop each of the testes that provides for storage, transit, and maturation of sperm
vas deferens, ductus deferens, seminal duct duct carrying the sperm from the epididymis to the urethra
seminal vesicles two main glands located posterior to the base of the bladder that open into the vas deferens
prostate gland encircles a proximal section of the urethra and secretes a fluid that aids in the movement of the sperm and ejaculation
scrotum sac containing the testes and epididymis, suspended on both sides of and posterior to the penis
penis male organ of urination and coitus
glans penis enlarged tip on the end of the penis
prepuce fold of skin covering the glans penis in uncircumcised males
semen composed of sperm, seminal fluids, and other secretions
genitalia (genitals) reproduction organs, gonads
balan/o glans penis
epididym/o epididymis
orchid/o, orchi/o, orch/o, test/o testis, testicle
prostat/o prostate gland
vesicul/o seminal vesicle
andr/o male
sperm/o, spermat/o spermatozoon, sperm
-ism state of
trans through, across, beyond
benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) nonmalignant enlargement of the prostate gland
cryptorchidism state of hidden tastes. undescended testicles
prostatocystitis inflammation of the prostate gland and the bladder
hydrocele scrotal swelling caused by a collection of fluid
priapism persistent abnormal erection of the penis accompanied by pain and tenderness
varicocele enlarged veins of the spermatic cord
balanoplasty surgical repair of the glans penis
vesiculectomy excision of the seminal vesicles
circumcision surgical removal of the prepuce (foreskin)
prostate-specifc antigen (PSA) blood test that measures the level of prostate-specific antigen in the blood
digital rectal examination (DRE) physical examination in which the health care provider inserts a finger into the rectum and palpates the size and shape of the prostate gland through the rectal wall
spermatolysis dissolution of sperm
chlamydia sexually transmitted disease, caused by the bacterium C, silent STD
gonorrhea sexually transmitted disease caused by a bacterial organism that inflames the mucous membranes of the genitourinary tract
human papillomavirus (HPV) sexually transmitted disease caused by viral infection
syphilis sexually transmitted disease caused by the bacterium Treponema pallidum
BPH benign prostatic hyperplasia
PSA prostate-specific antigen
Created by: 1369322229760607