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Giattino - U5-3a

Unit 5 Section 3a - Political Revolutions - Latin American Revolutions

QuestionAnswer
Toussaint L’Ouverture Inspired by revolutions in France and America Led the revolt in Haiti Defeated the armies of three foreign powers: Spain, France, and Britain. Abolished slavery Won independence
Miguel Hidalgo leader of the revolt that sparked the Mexican War for Independence. Ignited uprising of poor Mexicans (indigenous and mestizo peasants) against Spanish ruling class (peninsulares).
Simon Bolivar Native-born resident who led revolutionary efforts. Hoped to unite with Venezuela and Columbia (Gran Columbia)
José de San Martín 1822 – Led independence movement in Brazil Area controlled by Portugal
Monroe Doctrine 1823 Issued by American President James Monroe Primary Objective: to free the newly independent colonies of Latin America from European interventio. European efforts to colonize land/interfere within the Americas would be viewed by U.S. as acts of aggression
Peninsulares born in Spain, held highest positions in colonial government and Catholic Church
Creole American born descendants of Spanish settlers, owned most of the plantations, ranches and mines. Treated as second class citizens.
Mestizo Native American and European descendant
Mulatto African and European descendant African and Native American descendant were the lowest social class
Created by: JImmyjet81