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Giattino - U5-3

Political Revolutions - American and French Revolution

QuestionAnswer
No Taxation without Representation The colonists claimed “no taxation without representation” because they were being taxed but had no vote in Parliament and had no say in how the colonies were being governed.
Common Sense, written by Thomas Paine was a pamphlet that encouraged colonists to declare independence from Great Britain. Common Sense was very influential because it was read by many people.
The Three Estates The first estate: the clergy The second estate: the nobility The third estate: the common people (bourgeoisie, urban workers, and peasants). Legally the first two estates enjoyed many privileges, particularly exemption from most taxation.
The Tennis Court Oath The delegates agreed and all but one of the 578 delegates signed it. "The National Assembly, considering that it has been summoned to establish the constitution of the kingdom
The Declaration of the Rights of Man which stated the principle that all men had equal rights under the law. "Men are born free and equal in their rights....These rights are liberty, property, security and resistance to oppression. The law is the expression of the general will
The Storming of the Bastille On July 14, 1789, the mob, joined by some of the King's soldiers, stormed the Bastille.
The Reign of Terror The guillotine, the new instrument of egalitarian justice, was put to work. The Revolutionary Tribunal ordered the execution of 2,400 people in Paris by July 1794. Across France 30,000 people lost their lives
Robespierre mastermind of the Reign of Terror. He was the leader of the Committee of Public Safety, the executive committee of the National Convention, and the most powerful man in France.
Napoleon Bonaparte Became dictator (all power held by a single person) of France for 10 years in 1799 when he launched a coup d’ etat
Napoleon’s Reforms Freedom of worship Stabilized food prices Class Equality Rebuilt Paris Got rid of 10 day week (& calendar)
Napoleonic Code single set of laws for all of France Equality of law Basic liberties Restored slavery Limits on women’s rights Limits on political rights and freedom of speech and press
Created by: JImmyjet81