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Giattino - U5-2

The Enlightenment - The Age of Reason

QuestionAnswer
The Enlightenment An 18th Century movement among writers and intellectuals inspired by the Scientific Revolution. The writers applied the scientific method of observation and investigation to problems found in society. They challenged traditional authority and encourage
Democracy - rule by the people as an alternative to absolutism which denied people their basic natural rights
Laissez-faire Capitalism an economic system in which the government has little control as an alternative to Mercantilism: which restrict free enterprise. French for “Let the people do as they choose”
John Locke Declared that all people have a natural right to life, liberty, and property. He argued that the king got his power from the people. He felt that people had the right to rebel if he failed to rule in their (the peoples) interest. This concept of “gover
Voltaire Leader of the Philosophes Favored a limited monarchy Author of Letters on the English His outlook can be summed up by one phrase – “ “ I may disapprove what you say, but I will defend to the death your right to say it”.
Jean Jacques Rousseau Author of The Social Contract Believed in equality for all people Favored a government based on the “general will of the people” or majority
Baron de Montesquieu In The Spirit of Laws, encouraged the separation of government into three branches Judicial Legislative Executive
Adam Smith A Scottish economist in favor of laissez faire capitalism in his book Wealth of Nations Laissez fair – Leave me alone- do not tax me!!!!!
Philosophes French group of Philosophers (thinkers) at the heart of the Enlightenment
Created by: JImmyjet81