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Ancient China

vocab

QuestionAnswer
Huang He Major river in China. Source is the Plateau of Tibet. Called Yellow River and China's Sorrow. Flows through North China Plain.
Chang Jiang Major river in China. Source is the Plateau of Tibet. Called the Yangtze River. Flows through Chang Jiang Basin.
Dynasty Line of rulers that are related to each other. Blood line.
Anyang Shang capital city. walled
Aristocrats Nobles whose wealth come from the land owned
pictograph Characters that stand for objects. ei. pictures of moon or sun
Ideograph Characters that join two or more pictographs to represent an idea.
Wu Wang Aristocrat that rebelled against the Shang. Founded the Zhou Dynasty
bureaucracy appointed officials who are responsible for different areas of government.
Mandate of Heaven Order; King chosen by heavenly order for wisdom and talent. If bad, people have right to overthrow the government.
Dao "the way" Doing the right thing
Filial Piety Children had to respect their parents and older relatives. Families placed the need of the family before their own.
Head of the family Oldest male
Confucianism Philosophy: all men with talent should take part in the government. Respect is given; Relationships
Daoism Philosophy: be one with nature. Follow the Dao and give up worldly desires
Legalism Philosophy: society needs strict laws and harsh punishments to keep order. People are evil and selfish.
Kong Fuzi; Confucius creator of Confucianism. Respect and relationships/
Laozi: Old Master creator of Daoism; wise man or sage
Han Feizi creator of Legalism; believed people were evil and selfish
Qin Shihuangdi Emperor of Qin Dynasty unified China, standardized weights, money, roads. followed legalism
Lui Bang Founded the Han Dynasty Han Gaozu: Exalted Emperor of Han
Han Wudi Martial Emperor of Han Han Dynasty reached it's peak under this leadership Followed Confucianism.
Silk Road large network of trade routes stretching 4,000 miles from China to southwest Asia. Merchants paid taxes at many kingdoms along the way... pit stops.
Terrace Farming cutting steps into hillsides or mountains to increase usable farmland
Zhou Dynasty Longest lasting dynasty, 800 years. Ended with Period of Warring States.
Shang Dynasty First dynasty of China. Capital of Anyang walled city.
North China Plain Best farmland in China. Silt from Huang He River.
Chang Jiang Basin Located in southeast China. Lots of precipitation. Climate good for growing rice.
Gobi Desert Northern desert. Rocky desert. Isolated China
Taklamakan Desert Northwestern desert. "Many go in, few come out" Turfan Depression located in desert. Isolated China.
Northeastern Plain Hills and prairie grass vegetation. Pastoral Nomads herd animals.
Northwestern Deserts Consist of Gobi and Taklamakan Deserts. Too dry, to hot, or to cold to farm. Isolated China.
Plateau of Tibet 8,000 to 15,000 feet plateau. Area too high, cold, dry for farming. Pastoral Nomads herd animals. Isolated China.
Roof of the World Name given to Plateau of Tibet because of height
Bronze Vessel bronze metal molds accomplishment of Shang Dynasty
Fu Hao wife of Wu Ding was a female general in the army, in Shang Dynasty
Oracle Bones first form of Chinese writing questions written on shoulder bones or turtle shells
Period of Warring States 200 years of fighting after the fall of Zhou Dynasty. Qin State rises from the turmoil.
Social Class land owner aristocrats, FARMERS, then merchants
Tea, silk, spices, porcelain items traded along the Silk Road moved out of China
Buddhism Religion that spread to China via the Silk Road Accepted by Chinese to help with stress of civil war.
paper, waterwheel, acupuncture, seismograph, iron drill bits, rudders for ships, compass, wheel barrow. inventions of China.
Created by: jsmith81