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Chapter 15 Quarterly

What are lineages? The people who are descended from a common ancestor
What were stateless societies? Cultural groups in which authority is shared by lineages of equal power instead of being exercised by a central government
What was a patrilineal? Relating to a social system in which family descent and inheritance rights are traced through the father
What was a matrilineal? Relating to a social system in which family descent and inheritance rights are traced through the mother
What was the Maghrib? A region of western North Africa, consisting of the Mediterranean coastlands of what is now Morocco, Tunisia, and Algeria
What were the Almoravids? An Islamic religious brotherhood that established an empire in North Africa and southern Spain in the 11th century a.d.
What were the Almohads? A group of Islamic reformers who overthrew the Almoravid dynasty and established an empire in North Africa and southern Spain in the 12th century a.d.
What was the Ghana? A West African kingdom that grew rich from taxing and controlling trade and that established an empire in the 9th–11th centuries a.d.
What was Mali? A West African empire that flourished from 1235 to the 1400s and grew rich from trade
Who was Sundiata? Mali's first great leader
Who was Mansa Musa? A ruler who may have been Sandiata's grandnephew
Who was Ibn Buttata? A traveler and historian
Who were the Songhai? The people to the east
Who were the Hausa? A West African people who lived in several city-states in what is now northern Nigeria.
Who were the Yoruba? A West African people who formed several kingdoms in what is now Benin and southern Nigeria.
What was Benin? A kingdom that arose near the Niger River delta in the 1300s and became a major West African state in the 1400s.
What was the Swahili language? An Arabic-influenced Bantu lan- guage that is spoken widely in eastern and central Africa.
What was the Great Zimbabwe? A city in southeastern Africa?
What was the Mutapa Empire? Relating to a southern African empire established by Mutota in the 15th century a.d.
What was the Efe? Just one of several hunting-gathering societies in Africa
What are women in the Efe society? Gatherers
What is central to African society? Family organization
Who founded the Almoravid Empire? Muslim reformers
What happened in the mid-1100s? The Almohads seized power from the Almoravids
What were the two most important trade items? Gold and salt
What happened in the year 800? Ghana had become an empire
What happened in 1235? The kingdom of Mali had emerged
Created by: devinbialick