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Ch. 15 History Vocab

TermDefinition
fjord steep-sided valley that is an inlet of the sea.
missionary person who travels to carry the ideas of a religion to others.
excommunicate to declare that a person or group no longer belongs to a church.
concordat agreement between the pope and the ruler of a country.
feudalism political system based on bonds of loyalty between lords and vassals.
vassal in feudalism, a noble who held land from and served a higher-ranking lord, and in return was given protection.
fief under feudalism, the land a lord granted to a vassal in exchange for military service and loyalty.
knight in the Middle Ages, a noble warrior who fought on horseback.
guild medieval business group formed by craftspeople and merchants.
grand jury group that decided whether there was enough evidence to accuse a person of a crime.
trial jury jury that decided whether an accused person was innocent or guilty.
clergy religious officials, such as priests, given authority to conduct religious services.
mass Catholic worship service.
heresy belief that differs from or contradicts the accepted teachings of a religion.
anti-semitism hatred of Jews.
theology the study of religion and God.
scholasticism medieval way of thinking that tried to bring together reason and faith in studies of religion.
vernacular everyday language used in a country or region.
plague disease that spreads quickly and kills many people.
reconquista (reconquest) Christian struggle to take back the Iberian Peninsula from the Muslims.
serf peasant laborer bound by law to the lands of a noble.
Created by: S730503