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World History 1

Ancient Greece

acropolis the hill top area in Greek cities where temples and other important buildings were located.
archipelago a group of islands; the territory of Greece is this.
Athens Greece's most famous city and the "birthplace of democracy". Known for its agora (market) and its navy.
Cleisthenes Greek tyrant who increased the power of the Citizen's Assembly, which made Athens more democratic.
direct democracy system of democracy where citizens propose and vote on laws directly instead of electing representatives to make laws.
Draco Athenian tyrant who passed a harsh legal code but it treated all citizens equally and is considered an important development in the creation of democracy in Athens
Homer the "blind poet" whose epic poems contain most of what we know about Greek religion and philosophy.
humanism the idea that humans are the center of the universe and that their ideas, behaviors and bodies should be celebrated.
indirect democracy the type of democracy which exists in the U.S. ; citizens elect representatives instead of directly making laws.
Mediterranean Sea the body of water that surrounded the Greek archipelago; Greeks used this body of water for trade with many different civilizations.
Olympics a religious festival held every four years at Mt. Olympus; various Greek cities would compete in sporting events as a way of honoring the gods.
Pericles An Athenian general during the Persian Wars; he was elected many times to lead the city of Athens; while he was ruling, the city experienced a 'golden age' of trade, art and architecture.
tyranny the system of government where a military leader rules a city like a dictator; Draco, Solon, and Cleisthenes were Athenian tyrants who created laws which led to that city eventually becoming a democracy.
Created by: moniker124