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TermDefinition
Gold tube Clot activator Gel Serum for Chemistry
Light green (mint) Lithium heparin Gel Plasma for Chemistry
Red Silicon coated (glass) Clot activator, silicon coated (plastic) Serum, Chemistry
Orange Thrombin-based clot activator Gel Serum, chemistry
Orange Thrombin -based clot activator Serum for stat Chemistry
Royal Blue Clot activator (plastic serum) K2EDTA (plastic) Trace elements, toxicology and nutritional, Chemistry
Green Sodium Heparin Lithium heparin Plasma, chemistry
Gray Potassium oxalate/sodium fluoride Sodium fluoride/Na2 EDTA Sodium fluoride (serum tube)
Tan K2EDTA (plastic) Lead determinations
Yellow Sodium polyanethol sulfonate (SPS) - Blood culture, microbiology Acid citrate dextrose additives (ACD) - Blood Bank, HLA phenotyping, DNA and paternity
Lavender Liquid K2EDTA (glass) Sprat coated K2EDTA (plastic) whole blood, hematology may be used for immunohematology and lood donor screening
White K2EDTA and gel Plasma, molecular diagnostic test methods
Pink Spray coated K2EDTA Whold blood hematology, immunihematology and blood bank
Light blue Sodium citrate Coagulation studies
Clear No additive used for discard tube or secondary specimen tube
Antistreptolysin O test (ASO) Refrigerate or freeze SERUM if not preformed immediately Serology Streptococcal infection
Antithrombin lll activity (AT-lll) Light blue centrifuge, separate, freeze PLASMA immediately Coagulation Clotting factor deficiency
Apolipoprotein B (ApoB) Gel barrier tube. Centrifuge and refrigerate SERUM asap Chemistry Primary component of LDL coronary artery disease
Aspartate aminotransferase (AST, GOT, SGOT) Gel barrier. Centrifuge separation and refrigerate Chemistry Acute and chronic liver disease
B12 and folate Gel. Centrifuge, separate, refrigerate. Protect from light Chemistry Macrocytic anemia
Basic metabolic panel (BMP) Gel or Red. Fasting 8-12 hours required. Chemistry A designed number of tests covering certain body systems
Bulirubin, total and direct (bili) Gel. Protect from light, refrigerate. CHemistry Increased with types of jaundice
Blood culture (BC) Whole blood inoculated into two BC bottles; one anaerobic and one aerobic from two different sites or yellow tube. Microbiology Isolate and identify potentially pathogenic organisms causing bacteremia or septicemia
Blood group and Rh type (ABO and Rh) Lavender or pink Immunohematology/Blood bank Detection of ABO and Rh antigens on the red blood cells
Calcitonin Plain red Allow to clot 1-4hr in ice bath Chemistry Evaluate suspected medullary carcinoma of thyroid and is characterized by hypersecretion of calcitonin
Carbon monoxide (CO level) Lavender 100% full Chemistry carbocyhemoglobin intoxication
Carcinogenic antigen (Ca 125) SERUM gel tube Chemistry Tumor marker primarily for ovarian carcinoma
Calcium, ionized (iCa++) Gel Chemistry Bone cancer, nephritis, multiple myeloma
Carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) Gel, SERUM Chemistry Monitoring of pts with diagnosed malignancies, malignant or benign liver disease, indicator of tumors
Carotene, beta Gel Transport in amber plastic tube w/ amber stopper, protect from light Chemistry Carotenemia
Chlamydia antibodies Gel, SERUM Microbiology FOr trachoma, psittacosis, LGV, and pneumonia
Cholesteol and HDL ratio (Chol HDL) Gel, SERUM Chemistry Evaluates risk of coronary hearts (CHD)
Chromium (Cr level) Royal blue- no additive, metal free Chemistry Associated with diabetes and aspartame toxicity
Cold agglutinins Gel, Must keep warm, allow to clot at 37c before separation Serology To diagnose viral and atypical pneumonia caused by Mycoplasma pneumoniae
Complete blood count (CBC) Lavender WBC, RBC, Hgb, Hct, indices, platelets, and diff. Hematology Blood diseases
Copper (Cu level) Royal blue-no additive, metal free Chemistry Wilson disease or nephritic syndrome
Cord blood refrigerate SERUM Immunohematology Group and type baby's blood to detect to presence of imcompatibilities or mother for possible Rh immune globulin
Cortisol, timed Gel, SERUM Chemistry Cushing syndrome
Creatine kinase (CK) Gel, SERUM Chemistry Muscular dystrohpy and trauma to skeletal muscle
Creatine kinase MB (CK-MB) Gel, SERUM Chemistry Organ differentiation and to rule out MI (heart attack)
Creatinine (Creat) Gel, SERUM Chemistry Kidney function
C-reactive protein high sensitivity (Hs-CRP) Gel, SERUM Chronic inflammation
Cryoglobulin Gel, SERUM Chemistry Associated with immunological diseases (multiple myeloma or rheumatoid arthritis)
Cyclosporin Whole blood or SERUM from SST Chemistry Immunosuppressive drug for organ transplant
Culture Collect the appropriate fluid or tissue using culture swab transport media. Microbiology Identification of infective agent and appropriate antibiotic treatment
Cytomegalovirus antibody (CMV) Gel, SERUM Immunohematology Screens donors and blood products for transpolant programs
D-dimer (D-D1) Light blue 100% full, PLASMA Coagulation DIC and thrombotic episodes such as pulmonary emboli
Differential (diff) Blood smear Hematology Cassifying types of leukocytes, describing erythrocytes and estimation of platelets
Direct antiblobulin test (DAT, Coombs test direct) Lavender Immunohematology Detects antibodies attached to the patients RBCs
Disseminated intravascular coagulation panel (DIC panel) Light blue 100% full, PLASMA Coagulation Distortion of the normal coagulation and fibrinolytic mechanisms
Electrolytes (Na, K, CI, CO2, lytes) Gel Chemistry Fluid balance, cardiotoxicity, heart failure, edema
Eosinophil (Eos) Lavender Hematology Allergy studies
Epstein-Barr virus panel (EBV) Gel, SERUM Mononucleosis
Erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) Lavender Hematology
Glucose, fasting (FBS) Gel, separate from cells within 1 hr or use gray tube Chemistry Diabetes, hypoglycemia
Glycosylated hemoglobin (Hgb A1c) Lavender Chemistry Monitoring diabetes mellitus
Hematocrit (Hct) Lavender Hematology Anemia
Hemoglobin (Hgb) Lavender Hematology Anemia
Immunoglobulins (IgA, IgG, IgM) Gel, SERUM Chemistry Measurement of proteins capable of becoming antibodies, chronic liver disease, myeloma
Created by: ITCphleb15