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Roman Government

AR 1 Government & Society

QuestionAnswer
top 2 officials in Rome, elected for 1 year term, ran military & enforced laws consul
like an oligarchy, older wealthy citizens controlled money & advised the consul & assembly senate
like a democracy, adult citizens (plebes & pats) elected consuls and other magestrates assembly
10 plebeians elected by the assembly to protect the rights of the plebeians tribunes
this person was given complete power & served for only 6 months in times of crisis dictator
a form of government that gives citizens the right to vote and elect officials to represent them republic
the law of the land that establishes the powers of government and the protections of citizens constitution
when power is shared among different people/branches and each one has a different set of responsibilities separation of powers
each branch has certain powers that allow them to stop another branch from abusing its powers checks & balances
no one is above the law rule of law
first written law code in Ancient Rome 12 Tables
first 10 amendments to the Constitution The Bill of Rights
an official religion supported by the government established religion
wealthy members of society, usually from the oldest families in Rome patrician
peasants, farmers, craftsmen made up the majority of the population, most were poor. plebeians
officials elected to be judges, manage finances, and other jobs magistrates
worship of and belief in multiple gods polytheism
Created by: chambrook