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3rd Term Exam-Pullin

3rd nine weeks exam social studies

TermDefinition
The Iceman found in the Alps - copper ax
Old Stone Age No farming - hunter-gatherers - FIRE: life changing discovery Nomads: people who have no settled home
Middle Stone Age more refined, or advanced tools
New Stone Age FARMING
Phoenicia located in present day Jerusalem snails & cedar wood
Judaism Abraham / The Tanakh / monotheism- belief in one god/goddess / polytheism- belief in more than one god/goddess
Archaeologists study ancient cultures through the examination of artifacts and other evidence
History the written and other recorded events of people
Ziggurat the site of the temple to the main god or goddess of the city / pyramids made of terraces (like a stairway for gods)
Hammurabi ruled Babylonia from about 1792 to 1760 BCE / Hammurabi's Code / 282 laws / first set of laws to be written down / code told the people of Babylonia how to settle conflicts in all areas
Cataract rock-filled rapids
Delta plain at the mouth of a river
Silt fine soil found on river bottoms
Pharaoh the title used by the kings of Egypt / had absolute power in Egypt
Dynasty series of rulers from the same family or ethnic group
Regent someone who rules for a child until the child is old enough to rule
Mummy the preserved body of a dead person
Pyramids huge buildings with four sloping triangle-shaped sides
Epic long story-telling poems
City-State independent state consisting of a city and its surrounding territory / has its own god/goddess, government, and king
Oracle sacred sites where it is believed that the gods spoke
Tragedy a type of serious drama that ends in disaster for the main character
Agora public marketplace and meeting place
Vendor seller of goods
Sparta a city-state in southern Greece
Plague a widespread disease
Athens a city-state in ancient Greece
Philosopher some who uses reason to understand the world
Tyrant ruler who seized power by force
Blockade action taken to isolate the enemy and cut off supplies
Patrician member of a wealthy family
Plebeian ordinary citizen (could not hold office)
Veto rejection of any planned action by a person in power / "I forbid"
Roman Colosseum the site of contests and combats between people and between people and animals
Disciple follower of Jesus
Persecute treat in a cruel or unjust way repeatedly
Census official count of people living in Rome
Created by: aidanmckeon