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World History 1

Asian Empires

TermDefinition
bureaucracy when different ministers or officials are put in charge of different parts of the government.
Zoroastrianism a religion that uses fire in many of its ceremonies and believes that the universe is in a constant struggle between the good (light) and evil (dark).
Asoka/Ashoka famous Mauryan ruler who converted to Buddhism and spread the religion throughout his empire by stone pillars carved with Asoka's Edicts (laws for a peaceful society).
Golden Age of Learning As a result of this, the Gupta Empire is known for inventions such as plastic surgery, decimals, Pi, vaccines for smallpox, and banks.
Mandate of Heaven permission from the gods to rule. If an emperor lost this, the dynasty would be toppled and a new ruling family would take over.
Golden Age of China Han emperors had roads, canals and ditches built to help farmers and merchants. Also, the wheelbarrow, compass, and collar harness were invented.
Emperor Qin influenced by Legalist ideas, he united China by enforcing same strict laws everywhere in the empire. Was buried with a life-sized terra cotta army so he could rule in the afterlife
Han Dynasty influenced by Confucianism, this dynasty is known for mild rules, for reducing taxes on peasants, and the Silk Road allows China to trade with other kingdoms throughout Asia.
Gupta Empire started by Chandra Gupta, this dynasty encouraged scholars and scientists to study the world and Buddhism spread via the Silk Road.
Mauryan Empire started by Chandragupta Maurya, these rulers were harsh and well-organized; they enforced strict laws harshly. Although most rulers were Hindus, Buddhism was beginning to spread throughout India.
Persian Empire Royal Road connected the capital city of Persepolis to the outer areas (satrapies). This empire had a postal system.
Created by: moniker124