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ch.30-32

TermDefinition
Archipelago a set of closely grouped islands, which sometimes form a curved arc
Oceania pacific islands
High Island created by volcanoes
Low Islands made of coral reefs
Great Barrier Reef the world's largest coral reef
Outback Outback unpopulated inland region
Voyaging Canoes Voyaging Canoes a large ship developed be Pacific Islanders to sail the ocean
Outrigger Canoe a small ship used in the lagoons of islands where Pacific Islanders settled
Atoll a ringlike coral island or string of small islands surrounding a lagoon
Bikini Atoll Bikini Atoll the isolated reef located in the Marshall Islands of the Pacific, that was the site of U.S. nuclear bomb tests
Mandala Mandala states organized as rings of power around a central court
Khmer Empire a powerful mandala that lasted roughly from the 9th to the 15th centuries
Indochina a French colony made up of Cambodia
Vietnam War (1954-1975) the military conflict resulting from American involvement in South Vietnam to prevent its takeover by Communist North Vietnam
ASEAN the Association of Southeast Asian Nations, and alliance that promotes economic growth and peace in the region
Micronesia tiny islands
Melanesia black islands
Polynesia many islands
Subsistence Activities Subsistence Activities activities in which a family produces only the food, clothing, and shelter they need
Copra dried meat of coconuts
Taro a plant with a starchy root
Penal Colony a plant with a starchy root
Aboriginal People people of Australia
Maori people of New Zealand
Treaty of Waitangi gave Britain control over New Zealand
Pakeha a Maori term for white people
Assimilation a process whereby a minority group gradually gives up its own culture and adopts the culture of a majority group
Stolen Generation what Aboriginal people today call the 100,000 mixed-raced children who were taken by the government and given to white families to promote assimilation
Land Rights Act of 1976 gave Aboriginal people the right to claim land in the Northern Territory
mabo case the law case that upheld Aboriginal Eddie Mabo's land claim by which the Court recognized that Aboriginal people had owned land before the British arrived 
Pastoral Leases renting land from the government 
Push pull factors Push factor is a factor that causes people to leave their homeland while pull factors draws people to another location 
Industrialization Growth of industry
Wik Case court ruled that Aboriginal people could claim land under a pastoral lease 
Created by: jaya1a2