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Ancient Greeks sec 3

Persia Attacks The Greeks

TermDefinition
Persia The Persians were originally a Medic tribe which settled in Persia, on the eastern side of the Persian Gulf
Cyrus the Great Cyrus II (reign: 559-530 BCE), also known as Cyrus the Great, was the founder of the Persian empire. When he became king, Persia was a client state of the empire of the Medes
Darius King of Persia 521–486 BC; known as Darius the Great. After a revolt by the Greek cities in Ionia (499–494 BC) he invaded Greece but was defeated at Marathon (490 BC)
Satrapies The 20 states into which Darius divided the Persian Empire
Satrap Official who ruled a state in the Persian Empire under Darius
Zoroastrianism Persian religion founded by Zoroaster; taught that humans had the freedom to choose between right and wrong, and that goodness would triumph in the end
Marathon Is a town in Greece, the site of the battle of Marathon in 490 BC, in which the heavily outnumbered Athenian army defeated the Persians
Xerxes Xerxes the Great, was the fourth of the king of kings of the Achaemenid Empire. (Ruling over heroes)
Themistocles Themistoklẽs; "Glory of the Law"; c. 524–459 BC) was an Athenian politician and general.
Thermopylae Is a place in Greece where a narrow coastal passage existed in antiquity. It derives its name from its hot sulphur springs
Salamis The Battle of Salamis was a naval battle between the Greek city-states and Persia, fought in September, 480 BC in the straits between Piraeus and Salamis, a small island in the Saronic Gulf near Athens, Greece
Plataea an ancient city in Greece, in Boeotia: Greeks defeated Persians here 479 B.C
Created by: kn03679