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Exploration ch. 15,

Exploration and Encounters metz

cartographers Map makers
astrolabe Instrument used to determine latitude by measuring the position of the stars.
caravel Combination of triangular and square sails
circumnavigate Travel all the way around the Earth. Magellan's crew was the first to do this in 1522.
outpost Distant military station in another country
Dutch East India Company A group of spice traders from the Netherlands
Joint Stock Company Private trading organization in which shares are sold to investors to finance business ventures
conquistador Name for the Spanish explorers who claimed lands in the Americas for Spain in the 1500's & 1600's
immunity Natural protection from disease
Hernan Cortes Spanish conquistador who defeated the Aztecs in 1519
Treaty of Tordesillas The Pope made a line to separate the land in the Americas between Spain and Portugal
Triangular Trade Trade between Europe, Africa, and the Americas in the 1500's
Atlantic Slave Trade The most productive leg on Trans-Atlantic trade
Squash, Tomatoes, Cocoa Beans, Turkeys, Beans, Tobacco Went from the Americas to Europe, Asia, and the Pacific
Bananas, Coffee, Grains, Bees, Livestock (Cattle, Sheep, Pigs, Horses), Diseases (Smallpox, Influenza, Measles). Went from Europe, Asia, Africa to the Americas
Mercantilism Policy by which a nation sought to export more than it imported in order to build its supply of gold or silver
Encomienda right the Spanish government granted to its American colonists to demand labor or tribute from Native Americans
Middle Passage The 2nd leg of Triangular Trade that carried slaves to the Americas in horrible conditions
Created by: mmetz