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chapter 8 vocab

political geography vocab

anocracy a country that is not fully democratic or fully autocratic, but rather displays a mix of the two types
autocracy a country that is run according to the interests of the ruler rather than the people
balance of power a condition of roughly equal strength between opposing countries or alliances of countries
boundary an invisible line that marks the extent of a state's territory
city- state a sovereign state compromising a city and its immediately surrounding countryside
colonialism an attempt by one country to establish settlements and to impose its political, economic, and cultural principles in another country territory
colony a territory that is legally tired to a sovereign state rather than completely independent
compact state a state in which the distance from the center to any boundary does not vary significantly
democracy a country in which citizens elect leaders and can run for office
elongated state a state with a ling narrow shape
federal state an internal organization of a state that allocates most powers to units of local government
fragmented state a state that includes several discontinuous pieces of territory
frontier a zone separating two states in which neither states exercises political control
gerrymandering the process of redrawing legislative boundaries for the purpose of benefiting the party in power
landlocked state a state that does not have a direct outlet to the sea
microstate a state the encompasses a very small land area
multi-ethnic state a state that contains more than one ethnicity
multi-national state a state that contains two or more ethnic groups with traditions of self- determination that agree to coexist peacefully by recognizing each other as distinct nationalities
nation- state a state whose territory corresponds to that occupied by a particular ethnicity that has been transformed into a nationality
perforated state a state that completely surrounds another one
prorupted state an otherwise compact state with a large protecting extension
self- determinism the concept that ethnicities have the right to govern themselves
sovereignty ability of a state to govern territory free from control of its internal affairs by other political states
state an area organized into a political unit and ruled by an established government that has control over its internal and foreign affairs
terrorism the systematic us of violence by a group in order to intimidate a population or coerce a government into granting its demands
unitary state an internal organization of a state that places most power in the hands of central government officials
United Nations (UN) nation states from all over the world that wanted peace maintained after world war 2
- 3 Baltic states - 3 European states - 5 central Asian states - 3 Caucasus states - Russia what are the 5 groups that were once in soviet union?
physical boundaries coincide with significant features of the natural landscape
cultural landscape follows the distribution of cultural characteristics
soviet union Russia at the head with many other dictatorship countries as a part of it as well
NATO or Warsaw pact safety groups to join after ww2 to insure safety on your state
European union (EU) made up of only European states compared to the union nations that is made up of states from all over the world
organization on security and cooperation in Europe (OSCE) was composed to end conflict in Europe and was used to call upon other member states to supply troops
organization of American states (OAS) promoted social, cultural, political, and economic links among member states
African union (AU) placed an emphasis on promoting economic integration in Africa
common wealth made up of the UK and other states who seek economic and cultural cooperation
al-Qaeda Afghanistan and Pakistan supported this by providing sanctuary for terrorists wanted by other states and helping them with military support as well as money and intelligence support
state people/recognized territory/ government(bad or good)/ soveREIGNty
civilization central decision making with a density (city). there is conflict with agriculture and economic diversity
nation tied to a territory with a population and a culture that might have a government
antecedent physical landscape defined the boundary well before humans
subsequent vietnam-china border results from a long period of modification
super-imposed forcibly drawn boundary that cuts across a unified cultural boundary- new guinea- indonesia and papua new guinea
reliect no longer serves it purpose, but the imprint is still evident in the landscape
Created by: campbellm19
Popular AP Human Geography sets




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