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Mesoamerica vocab.

TermDefinition
Vital absolutely necessary or important; essential
Adapt make (something) suitable for a new use or purpose; modify
Glacier a slowly moving mass or river of ice formed by the accumulation and compaction of snow on mountains or near the poles.
Mesoamerica is a region and cultural area in the Americas, extending approximately from central Mexico to Belize, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, and northern Costa Rica.
Southamerica A continent of the southern Western Hemisphere southeast of North America between the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans.
Olmec a member of a prehistoric people inhabiting the coast of Veracruz and western Tabasco on the Gulf of Mexico ( circa 1200–400 BC), who established what was probably the first Meso-American civilization.
Maya the supernatural power wielded by gods and demons to produce illusions.
Inca a South American hummingbird having mainly blackish or bronze-colored plumage with one or two white breast patches.
Aztec a member of the American Indian people dominant in Mexico before the Spanish conquest of the 16th century.
Caribou a large North American reindeer
Teotihuacan was an ancient Mesoamerican city located in a sub valley of the Valley of Mexico, located in the State of Mexico 30 miles northeast
Tenochtitlan The ancient capital of the Aztec empire
Honduras is a Central American country with Caribbean Sea coastlines to the north and the Pacific Ocean to the south
Yucatan Peninsula The Yucatán Peninsula separates the Gulf of Mexico from the Caribbean Sea, encompassing 3 Mexican states, plus portions of Belize and Guatemala.
Monopoly control of all (or almost all) trade or production of a certain good
Continent is one of several very large landmasses on Earth.
Trade Route any route usually taken by merchant ships, caravans, etc.
Trading Empire
ECONOMY (ESPN) the wealth and resources of a country or region, especially in terms of the production and consumption of goods and services.
SOCIAL (ESP of or relating to society or its organization.
POLITICAL (ESPN) of or relating to the government or the public affairs of a country.
ENVIRONMENT (ESPN) the surroundings or conditions in which a person, animal, or plant lives or operates.
PACHACUTI Inca Yupanqui or Pachacutec (in hispanicized spellings) or Pachakutiq Inka Yupanqui (Quechua) was the ninth Sapa Inca (1438–1471/1472) of the Kingdom of Cusco which he transformed into the Inca Empire (Tawantinsuyu).
EMPIRE an extensive group of states or countries under a single supreme authority, formerly especially an emperor or empress. "the Roman Empire"
GOVERNMENT the governing body of a nation, state, or community
PETEN a plate, typically made of gold or silver, used for holding the bread during the Eucharist and sometimes as a cover for the chalice.
ASTRONOMER an expert in or student of astronomy.
ARCHEOLOGIST the scientific study of material remains (as fossil relics, artifacts, and monuments) of past human life and activities.
Created by: bescobedo