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Medical Terminology

Systems

TermDefinition
Skeletal System -supports and protects the organs -provides surfaces for attachment for muscle, tendon & ligaments -muscles attaches bone to tendon -ligaments attaches bone to bone
Muscular System -provides body with power for motion, movement & posture
Gastroentestinal System -breaks down food mechanically and chemically so that nutrients my be carried by the blood stream to body cells
Respiratory System -takes air into the body so oxygen can be carried from the lungs to the individual body cells -carbon dioxide waste is removed from body cells and taken to the lungs
Cardiovascular System -consists of blood, vessels & heart -arteries carry clean blood away from heart -veins carry blood back to heart to be cleaned Heart-arteries-arterioles-capillaries-venules-veins-heart
Lymphatic System -transports protein & fluids that have leaked out of the bloodstream into the fluid between cells back into blood stream
Urinary System -removes liquid waste products from the body which results in the combining of nutrients with oxygen in the blood cells -helps to retain the proper balance of water, salt & acids in the body
Skin System -serves as protective barrier against excessive loss of water, salts & heat -protects against invasion of pathogens & their toxins
epidermis (skin system) -has layers -no blood vessels
dermis (skin system) hair follicles, sweat glands, blood vessels -secretes oils to keep skin supple & free from cracking -helps maintain body temperature
subcutaneus (skin system) -acts as a receptor for sensation (pain, temperatures, pressure)
Nervous System -nerves & the brain coordinate voluntary actions & involuntary activities (breathing) -helps the body maintain homeostasis (everything normal) -enables memory and thought processess
Peripheral Nervous System -all nerves of the body, sensory (to brain), motor (away from brain)
Endocrine System -composed of glands located in different parts of the body which release a chemical substances called hormones into the body -hormones regulate functions such as bone growth, sex organs,
Reproductive System -sexual organs associated with reproduction of the species
Sensory -provides the brain with information about the surrounding environment
anabolism process of storing simple substances and combining them to make complex substances for body to use
catabolism process where complex substances are broken down to simpler substances & energy released
cells - tissue - organs - systems -enough cells make tissue; enough tissue makes organs; enough organs you have systems
Digestive mouth, throat, esophagus, stomach, intestines (small & large), liver, gallbladder, pancreas
Urinary kidneys, ureters, urinary bladder, urethra
Resiratory nose, throat, voice box, windpipe, bronchial tubes, lungs
Reproductive Female: ovaries, fallopian tubes, uterus, vagina, mammary glands Male: testes and associated tubes, urethra, penis, prostate gland
Endocrine thyroid gland, pituitary gland, sex glands, adrenal glands, pancreas, parathyroid glands
Nervous Brain, spinal cord, nerves
Circulatory heart, blood vessels(arteries, veins, capillaries) lumphatic vessels and nodes, spleen, thymus gland
musculoskeletal muscles, bones, joints
skin & senses skin, hair, nails, sweat glands, oil glands, eye, ear, nose, and tongue
Created by: KariTansowny
 

 



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