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Ch. 12 World History

TermDefinition
Sui dynasty reunited China in A.D. 581(founded by Wendi)
Tang dynasty in power from A.D. 618 to A.D. 907
Song dynasty ruled from A.D. 960 to A.D. 1279
Yangdi built the Grand Canal to unite the Huang He and Chang Jiang rivers
Confucius believed good government led by wise rulers would create a peaceful society
Silk Road major trade route across China
Students preparing for civil service exams never did physical work. Students preparing for civil service exams never did physical work.
Diamond Sutra the earliest known printed book
Li Bo a popular poet during the Tang dynasty
Changan the capital city under the Tang dynasty
The earliest printing process used cuts on blocks of wood. The earliest printing process used cuts on blocks of wood.
The compass helped ships sail farther from land. The compass helped ships sail farther from land.
During the Tang dynasty, they discovered iron could be melted to make steel. During the Tang dynasty, they discovered iron could be melted to make steel.
Trade grew under the Tang dynasty because of new roads and waterways. Trade grew under the Tang dynasty because of new roads and waterways.
Genghis Khan united the Mongols and conquered a vast territory
Marco Polo a famous European traveler visited China
Koryo he leaders of Korea
The Mongols lost control of China during the 1300s. The Mongols lost control of China during the 1300s.
Zhu Yuanzhang founded the Ming dynasty
Jesuits a special group Roman Catholic priests
Zheng He a voyager during the Ming dynasty
Ming dynasty fell in 1644 to the Manchus
The Forbidden City was home to the emperors. The Forbidden City was home to the emperors.
Missionaries in China were often Jesuits. Missionaries in China were often Jesuits.
warlord military leader who runs a government
economy organized way in which people produce, sell, and buy goods and services
reform change that tries to bring out an improvement
monastery religious community where monks live and work
porcelain type of ceramic ware that is made of fine clay and baked at high temperatures
calligraphy beautiful handwriting; the art of producing beautiful handwriting
tribe group of related families
steppe wide, rolling, grassy plain
terror violent actions that are meant to scare people into surrendering
treason disloyalty to the government
census a count of the number of people
novel long fictional story
barbarian uncivilized person