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Ch 11 industry
Ch ll Industry by James M. Rubenstein
|What are Break-of-bulk points?
|A location where transfer is possible from one mode of transportation to another.
|What is a Bulk-gaining industry?
|An industry in which the final product weighs more or comprises a greater volume than the inputs.
|What is a Bulk-reducing industry?
|AN industry in which the final product weighs less or comprises a lower volume than the inputs.
|What is a Cottage industry?
|Manufacturing based in homes rather than in a factory, commonly found before the Industrial Revolution.
|What is Fordist production?
|Form of mass production in which each worker is assigned one specific task to perform repeatedly.
|What is the Industrial Revolution?
|A series of improvements in industrial technology that transformed the process of manufacturing goods.
|What is a Labor-intensive industry?
|An industry for which labor costs comprise a high percentage of total expenses.
|What is a Maquiladora?
|Factories built by U.S. companies in Mexico near the U.S border, to take advantage of much lower labor costs in Mexico.
|What is the New international division of labor?
|Transfer of some types of jobs, especially those requiring low-paid less skilled workers, from more developed to less developed countries.
|What is Post-Fordist production?
|Adoption by companies of flexible work rules, such as the allocation of workers to teams that performed a variety of tasks.
|What is a Right-to-work state?
|A U.S. state that has passed a law preventing a union and company from negotiating a contract that requires workers to join a union as a condition of employment.
|What are Site factors?
|Location factors related to the costs of factors of production inside the plant, such as land, labor, and capital.
|What are Situation factors?
|Location factors related to the transportation of materials into and from a factory.
|What is a Textile?
|A fabric made by weaving, used in making clothing.
|What is a Trading bloc?
|A group of neighboring countries that promote trade with each other and erect barriers to limit trade with other blocs.
|Who is James Watt?
|The maker of the Steam engine.
|What was the first industry to benefit from Watt's steam engine.
|The Iron industry.
|What are some of the industrialized areas within North America?
|They are New England, Middle Atlantic, Mohawk Valley, Pittsburgh-Lake Erie, Western Great lakes, and St. Lawrence Valley-Ontario Peninsula.
|What is the oldest industrial region in North eastern U.S.?
|Southern New England.
|What was New England region known for?
|Its known for textile and skilled but expensive labor.
|What is the Middle Atlantic region known for?
|It is the largest U.S. market.
|What is the Mohawk Valley region known for?
|It is known for its steel industry and its food processing.
|What is Pittsburgh-Lake region known for Erie?
|It is known for its steel industry.
|What is the Western Great Lakes region known for?
|Its famous for its transportation routs and most of the big national countries in the U.S. are located in this Region.
|What is the St. Lawrence Valley-Ontario Peninsula region known for?
|Its famous for its cheep electricity its proximity to the Great Lakes and proximity to the Canadian market.
|What are some of the major industrial regions in western Europe?
|They are the Rhine-Ruhr Valley, the Mid-Rine, the United Kingdom, and Northern Italy.
|What are some of the major industrial regions in eastern Europe?
|They are the Central Industrial District, the St. Petersburg Industrial District, the Eastern Ukraine Industrial District, the Volga Industrial District, the Urals Industrial District, the Kuznetsk Industrial District and Silesia.