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Yellow module

Vital Signs review

QuestionAnswer
“step-down “from ICU Telemetry unit
A cart carrying the supplies need for immediate treatment of a heart attack Crash cart
A condition in which a weakened heart is unable to pump all of the blood out of the lungs each time it beats. Blood pools at the bottom of the lungs, interfering with breathing Congestive heart failure (CHF)
A device that amplifies sound, used by doctors and other health-care professionals to listen to the heart and to take blood pressure Stethoscope
A device that is inserted into the airway of a client about to receive a general anesthetic Endotracheal tube
A device used to take blood pressure Sphygmomanometer
A disease characterized by gradual destruction of the alveoli; which diffuse to form larger air spaces. Exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide through these larger air sacs is inadequate Emphysema
A disease that affects the air passages in the lung, causing wheezing and shortness of breath Asthma
An abnormality of heart rhythm in which chambers of the heart no longer beat in synchrony, with the atrium beating much faster than the ventricles. The heart rate is fast and irregular Atrial fibrillation (AF)
An acute infection of the tissues of the lung Pneumonia
An artificial airway through an incision in the trachea Tracheostomy
Anthropometric measurements Height and weight
Any chronic lung condition in which the flow of expired air is slowed down COLD/COPD
Applying negative pressure to remove mucus, phlegm and other secretions from airways Suctioning
Arteriosclerosis because of deposits of fat in arterial walls Atherosclerosis
Assesses patients, devise deep breathing exercises Physiotherapist
Assessment done on a client to determine the amounts of oxygen and carbon dioxide dissolved in the blood Arterial blood gases (ABGs)
Consist of mucous secretions, not saliva, from the airways, lungs or throat Sputum specimen
Damage to the brain that occurs when the blood supply to an area of the brain is diminished or occluded completely Cerebrovascular accident (CVA)
Damage to the heart caused by a blockage in one of the coronary arteries, cutting off blood supply to a part of the heart Myocardial infarct (MI)
Difficulty breathing Dyspnea
Electronic device that regulates the heartbeat Pacemaker
Excessive force of the blood against the vessel walls as the heart pumps it through the body Hypertension/high blood pressure
Extremely slow heartbeat Bradycardia
For clients who, for any reason do not have enough oxygen in their blood Oxygen therapy
Hardening of the arteries; reduces blood flow Arteriosclerosis
Heat is produced by the body as it uses the food needed to maintain normal body functions Temperature
Important measurements of the body’s state of health Vital signs
Insufficient oxygen in blood or tissue Hypoxia
Introducing the suction catheter into the lower trachea and bronchi; AKA endotracheal suctioning Deep suctioning
Loss of a large amount of blood Hemorrhage
Loss of normal rhythm of the heartbeat Arrhythmia
Method used by nurses and respiratory therapists to determine oxygen levels in red blood cells in the arterial blood Pulse oximetry
Musical-pitched sounds produced by air passing through narrowed bronchi, heard on auscultation of the lungs Rhonchi/wheezes
Notify the appropriate people “call the arrest”
One full cycle of breathing Respiration
Positioning the client with the head lower than the body so that gravity can help drain the mucus and secretions Postural drainage
Procedure to remove fluid from the space between the lining of the outside of the lungs and the wall of the chest Thoracocentesis
Provide ongoing assessment and feedback about a client’s oxygenation status Nurse
Rapid movements of flattened hands over the client’s chest to move secretions Vibrations
Remove the endotracheal tube Extubate
Selected medications to be delivered by a mask to the client, often to treat asthma Inhalation therapy
Sounds produced by air passing over airway secretions Crackles/crepitation
Type of deep suctioning Endotracheal/deep suctioning
Suctioning with a catheter through the mouth to reach the mouth only or the mouth and the back of the throat Oropharyngeal suctioning
Suctioning with a catheter through the nose to reach the mouth and throat Nasopharyngeal suctioning
The cause of the increased pressure is idiopathic Essential hypertension
The force that the blood exerts on the arterial walls Blood pressure
The pressure of the vascular walls when the heart is relaxing Diastolic pressure
The pressure on the vascular walls when the heart is contracting Systolic pressure
The symptoms are always associated with disease, such as glomerulonephritis, pyelonephritis, or diseases of the adrenal gland Secondary hypertension
Traces heart’s activity, readout displayed on small screen Telemetry monitor
Used for clients who are experiencing respiratory difficulties Humidifiers
Using cupped hands to gently but firmly strike affected regions of the chest to move secretions Clapping/percussion
When the heart contracts if forces blood throughout the body by way of blood vessels Pulse
ABG arterial blood gases
AF atrial fibrillation
AFB acid-fast bacillus
ARDS acute respiratory distress syndrome
BMI body mass index
BP blood pressure
CCU coronary care unit
CHF congestive heart failure
CO2 carbon dioxide
COLD chronic obstructive lung disease
COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
CSM circulation, sensation, movement
CVA cerebrovascular accident
DB&C deep breathing and coughing
DOE dyspnea on exertion
DPI dry powder inhaler
FVC forced vital capacity
Ht. height
ICU intensive care unit
IRDS infant respiratory distress syndrome
MDI metered-dose inhaler
MI myocardial infarction
NMT nebulized mist treatment
O2 oxygen
PCP pneumocystis pneumonia
PND paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea
PRN as required/as necessary
PFT pulmonary function test
PVA peripheral vascular accident
RDS respiratory distress syndrome
RTT respiratory therapist technician
RRCP registered respiratory care practitioner
SIDS sudden infant death syndrome
SOB shortness of breath
SPD sterile processing department
TB tuberculosis
TIA transient ischemic attack
TPR temperature,pulse, respirations
URI upper respiratory infection
Wt. weight
Created by: brigitte1112
 

 



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