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Political Ideologies

Summerville High School MWH

TermDefinition
Nation-state a state made up of people with a common culture, language and history
Conservatives People who want little or no changes in government (kings, nobles and church in Europe)
Liberals Middle class people who want the right to vote and be represented in Parliament for themselves. Focus on Enlightenment values
Radicals working class people who want government to ensure their safety and rights, more concerned with working and living conditions
Nationalism wanting a country for yourself and people like you, or being extremely proud of your country to the point where you build up your military and attack other countries.
Louis-Napoleon Elected leader of France, but crowns himself emperor (Napoleon Bonaparte’s nephew)
Alexander II responsible for freeing the serfs in Russia
Alexander III responsible for Russian industrialization
Count Cavour responsible for the process of Italian unification. Unified the Northern part of Italy
Giuseppe Garibaldi responsible for uniting southern Italian states. His followers were called Red Shirts
Otto von Bismarck master of realpolitik. Responsible for German unification (Prussian Chancellor)
Realpolitik politics of reality
Seven Weeks War War between Austria and Prussia in 1866. Solidified Prussia’s dominance over the northern German Empire.
Franco-Prussian War War between France and Prussia, manufactured by Bismarck. Final stage in German unification.
Russification the process of forcing Russian culture on all ethnic groups in the Russian Empire
Capitalism an economic system based on private ownership and on the investment of money in business ventures in order to make a profit.
Socialism an economic system in which the factors of production are owned by the public and operate for the welfare of all.
Communism an economic system in which all means of production- land, mines, factories, railroads, and businesses – are owned by the people, private property does not exist, and all goods and services are shared equally.
Anarchism political theory that sees all forms of government and economic systems as being undesirable and harmful.
Karl Marx father of communism. Wrote the Communist Manifesto.
Adam Smith father of capitalism. Wrote The Wealth of Nations.
Laissez-faire the idea that the government should not interfere with or regulate industries and businesses.
Reform Act of 1832 British legislation that opened up voting rights to middle class men.
Abolition process of ending the institution of slavery.
Emancipation Proclamation a declaration issued by US President Abraham Lincoln in 1863, stating that all slaves in the Confederate states were free.
Created by: amygilstrap7