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Bailey 09-1

(AMS) 3rd 9 Weeks Test Review

QuestionAnswer
philosopher a person who used reason to understand natural events
blockade actions taken to isolate an enemy and cut off its
aristocrat a member of a rich and powerful ruling family
Hellenistic Greek culture and history after the death of Alexander
city-state small, independent nations
acropolis collection of fortified (protected) structures on a hill
agora public markets in the cities of ancient Greece
peninsula an area of land that is surrounded by water on three sides
plague widespread sickness
patrician a wealthy, upper-class person
disciple a follower of a person or belief
republic form of government in which citizens vote for their leader
province a unit of the Roman Empire, ruled by a governor supported by an army
aqueduct structures built to carry water over long distances
veto rejecting or forbidding any planned action or rule by a person in power
mercenary a foreign soldier who serves a nation only for pay
plebeian a social class of ordinary citizens in the ancient Roman Republic
inflation an economic situation in which there is more money, but it has less value
Why did Greek communities develop separate customs and beliefs? geography (mountainous peninsulas and islands) isolated the people
What actions occurred during Greece’s Dark Ages? people relied on word of mouth to keep their traditions alive; many people lived in poverty; people gave up writing
The Greeks believed that their gods were immortal. What does this mean? the gods will live forever
What did the Spartan government concentrate its resources on creating? brave and skillful warriors
In what areas did important achievements develop during the Hellenistic period? science and mathematics
What effect did geography have on the communities of Ancient Greece? made it hard for communities to unify (unite)
Why were myths so important to the Greek people? What did they explain? the creation of the universe and the features of nature
What did philosophers believe about the gods? the gods were not the source of everything
One reason people went to the Acropolis was for religious purposes. What purpose of life did the agora fulfill? public life
What event occurred that resulted in the collapse of Athens? Peloponnesian War
What happened to Greece under the leadership of Alexander the Great? expanded its empire
Why was free grain given to the poor by Roman emperors? to prevent riots when the harvest was poor
Once conquered by the Romans, what must people do in order to continue their own cultures/beliefs? live peacefully and pay taxes
What led to Rome’s serious economic problems? unemployment, high taxes, inflation
Why was Rome’s geographic setting so important? its location was central to the Italian Peninsula and the known Western World
How does Roman law affect us today? it developed ideas of justice that are the basis of our legal system.
What happened to the Roman Empire under Constantine’s rule? gained Christianity as its official religion
How were conquered people treated by Roman governors? left alone by the Roman governors as long as they lived peacefully
What led to Constantinople’s wealth? its location was a natural crossroads of trade
Why was Islam so attractive to the people of the Arabian Peninsula? Islam offered people a way of life in contrast to the oppressive rules of the nearby Byzantine and Persian empires
What caused Islam to spread so quickly along the western & southern region of the Mediterranean Basin? Muslim traders took their religion there
How is Islam’s golden age portrayed? scholars see it as one the most brilliant periods in world history
Why did the Byzantine Empire last over 1,000 years? grew rich from trade
Who were the Bedouins? nomadic people who made their homes in the Arabian desert
Created by: scb4msu