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WH1 SOL 9

Islam

TermDefinition
Ramadan The Islamic holy month when Muslims fast
Religious Toleration a recognition of people's right to hold different religious beliefs
hajj pilgrimage to Mecca
Battle of Tours 732 A.D. battle in which the French army defeated the invading Muslim army; (changed history)
Islam monotheistic religion that developed in Arabia in the 7th century; means submission to Allah
Jerusalem holy city to Islam, Judaism, and Christianity
Sunni the branch of Islam whose members acknowledge only a devout follower of Muhammad as leader
Qur'an (Koran) the holy book of Islam
Mecca the holiest city of Muslim cities; birthplace of Muhammad
Arabian Peninsula home of the origin of Islam (where Islam began); geographic region
prophet a person who declares publicly a message he believes to be divinely inspired
Judeo-Christian having Jewish and Christian heritage
Allah the Arabic word for God
Muhammad founder of Islam; believe he was the last of the prophets
Shi'a (Shiite) the branch of Islam whose members acknowledge only a relative of Muhammad as a leader
Damascus Syrian city that became Muslim capital in 661 A.D.
Muslim a follower of Islam; "one who has submitted"
Medina second holiest Muslim city; before Muhammad's flight it was named Yathrib
Caliph Muslim leader
Mosque a place of worship
Created by: MMS 8th