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Massage-Intro. A&P

Stack #21294

Intro. to A & P-Ques.Intro. to A & P-Answers
Define Anatomy. Structures of body parts in relation to other parts.
Define Physiology. The study of how the body & its parts function.
What is the term that means maintaining a stable environment in the body? Homeostasis.
What is the terminology meaning the total of all physical & chemical processes occurring in the body? Metabolism.
Organize these in the order of smallest to largest: systems,cells,organisms,tissues, organs. Cells,tissues,organs,systems,organisms.
What is a cell? Basic unit of life.
List the passive cell processes. Diffusion, filtration, & osmosis.
What passive process moves molecules from high concentration to lower? Diffusion.
What passive process moves a pure solvent (like water) from low concentration to high? Osmosis.
What passive process moves particles across cell membranes due to pressure? Filtration.
Name the Active Cell Processes. Active transport & endocytosis.
Name the types of endocytosis. Phagocytosis & Pinocytosis.
What active cell process moves important atoms & molecules against a concentration gradient from low levels to high? Active transport.
What active cell process is considered to be a "cell eater" ingesting harmful microorganisms? Phagocytosis.
What active cell process is considered to be a "cell drinker" surrounding its target via a saccular indention? Pinocytosis.
What are the 4 major types of tissues in the body? Epithelial, connective, muscle, & nervous.
What is the epithelial tissue? Outer lining that protects, absorbs, & secretes.
List all the connective tissues. Liquid (blood), osseus (bone), cartilaginous, loose, & dense.
What loose connective tissue forms the superficial fascia? Areolar.
What dense connective tissue resists pulling in several different directions? Irregular.
What loose connective tissue is specialized in fat storage and insulation? Adipose.
Which dense connective tissue has great strength & can resist pulling forces in 1 direction: Regular or Elastic? Regular. (Elastic can be stretched & restored to natural shape.)
What is the difference between superficial fascia and deep fascia? Superficial is immediately under skin and deep fascia surrounds muscles holding them together and separating them into functioning groups.
What is the term that defines the fascia's ability to go from gel-state to sol-state? Thixotropism.
What's the difference between fascia in gel-state and fascia in sol-state? Gel-state means it's thicker and more GELatinous; Sol-state it's become a relatively thin fluid.
How does a massage therapist invoke the change to the fascia's property? Applying friction (heat) to change from gel-state to sol-state.
List the 3 types of muscle tissue. Skeletal (voluntary/striated), Smooth (involuntary,unstriated/visceral), Cardiac (involuntary,striated).
What type of muscle tissue is found in the esophagus? Smooth.
What are the symptoms of inflammation? Local heat, redness, swelling, pain, and loss of function.
List 3 basic types of membranes. Mucous, serous (lubricates organs), & synovial (lubricates freely moving joints).
In the anatomical position the palms of the hands are facing backward - TRUE or FALSE False.
Which cell process requires the use of ATP (energy)? Active cell process
Created by: ghart
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