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WWI Test

Practice and review for the test

What were the four long term causes of World War I? Militarism, alliances, imperialism, and nationalism.
How did nationalism cause WWI? Nationalism caused competition between nations and also led to the birth of new nations such as Italy and Germany. Ethnic groups under the control of empires resisted foreign rule and fought for self rule.
How did imperialism cause WWI? Imperialism is when a stronger nation controls a weaker nation. Industrialized countries such as Britain, competed over land in Africa & Asia. This competition caused tensions between countries and revolts among native controlled by imperial countries.
How did alliances cause WWI? Alliances were pacts countries made to help each other in war time. The alliances of the 1800s culminated with two major alliance systems before WWI. These alliances obligated countries to join the war.
How did militarism cause WWI? Militarism is the fascination with war that industrialized nations adopted during the age of Imperialism. Countries built up their armies and navies. Militarism made a war the size of WWI possible.
Triple Entente Countries Great Britain, Serbia, France, Russia, and the United States
Triple Alliance Countries (central) Germany, Austria Hungary, and the Ottoman Empire
Two alliances who fought in WWI Central powers and Allies
Why did countries like Australia and India join the war? They were colonies of Great Britain
What was the United States’ policy at the beginning of the war? Isolation and neutrality
What were the reasons the US entered the war in 1917? The German submarine attacks, the destroying of the Lusitania passenger ship, and the Zimmerman telegram all angered the US and convinced it to declare war on the Central Powers.
Who was the hair to the Austro-Hungarian throne whose assassination sparked WWI? Franz Ferdinand
What type of fighting took place on the Western Front of WWI in France? Trench Warfare
What made WWI a ‘new’ kind of war? New weapons and mass production
What types of new weaponry developed during WWI as a result of the Industrial Revolution? Machine guns, poison gas, airplanes, Flames shooters, grenades and tanks.
What is another name for WWI? The Great War
Which treaty officially ended the war and outlined the terms of peace? The Treaty of Versailles 19
Which nation switched sides in the middle of the war? Italy
Who were the big four leaders at the peace treaty meeting and what countries did they represent? Woodrow Wilson- US David Lloyd George- British Prime Minister George Clemenceau- French Premier Vittorio Orlando- Italy
Who proposed the creation of the League of Nations? Woodrow Wilson
Why did the League of Nations fail? US didn't join, it couldn't enforce decisions, Russia and Germany weren't allowed to join, and all decisions had to be unanimous
How were Wilson’s intentions different from those of the French and British leaders? Wilson wanted a lasting peace and didn’t want to punish Germany.
What did Germany have to do as a result of the treaty of Versailles? Germany had to accept guilt for the war, pay all war damages (33 Billion), decrease its military to 100,000, give up its air force, and had to give up land such as the Alsace Lorraine.
How did the treaty affect the Ottoman Empire? It was only the losing side and this long standing empire was divided between France and Britain into colonies. France gained Syria and Lebanon. Britain gain Iraq, Palestine, and Saudi Arabia.
Balfour Declaration British promise to give Jewish peoples a homeland in the Middle East.
What were the causes of the Russian Revolution? Most people of Russia were peasants with little freedom who had been under the rule of Czars with absolute power for the last 300 years. Poor conditions, weak economies, and the sheer amount of deaths in WWI also fueled revolution.
Which group won the Russian Revolution and what changes did they make to Russia? Bolsheviks
Who was the Bolshevik leader? Vladimir Lenin
Who was the last Czar of Russia? Nicholas II
What happened to the Romanovs (Nicholas the II)? They were shot by the BOlseviks
How did WWI change the world? Austria Hungarian and the Ottoman Empire broke up, Us gained power,new countries formed, 8.5 million people died, and Britain and France lost power.
How did the war affect the US home front? Women worked in factories
What challenges did soldiers face in the trenches? Flooding trenches, enemy fire, poisonous gas, rats, lice, bad food, and trench foot.
Created by: sssharpton