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Chapter 17

European Renaissance and Reform

Renaissance A period of European history, lasting from about 1300 to 1600, during which renewed interest in classical culture led to far-reaching changes in art, learning, and views of the world
Humanism A Renaissance intellectual movement in which thinkers studied classical texts and focused on human potential and achievements
Secular Concerned with worldly rather than spiritual needs
Patron A person who supports artists, especially financially
Perspective An artistic technique that creates the appearance of three dimensions on a flat surface
Vernacular The everyday language of people in a region or country
Utopia An imaginary land described by Thomas More in his book Utopia-hence, an ideal place
William Shakespeare Famous writer of the Elizabethan Age. Regarded as the greatest playwright of all time. His most famous works include Romeo and Juliet, Hamlet, and Macbeth
Johann Gutenberg Craftsman from Germany that created the printing press around 1440. This made producing books cheaper and easier
Indulgence A pardon releasing a person from punishments due for a sin
Reformation A 16th-century movement for religious reform, leading to the founding of Christian churches that rejected the pope's authority
Lutheran A member of a Protestant church founded on the teachings of Martin Luther
Protestant A member of a Christian church founded on the principles of the Reformation
Peace of Augsburg A 1555 agreement declaring that the religion of each German state would be decided by its ruler
Annul To cancel or set asside
Anglican Relating to the Church of England
Predestination The doctrine that God has decided all things beforehand, including which people will be eternally saved
Calvinism A body of religious teachings based on the ideas of the reformer John Calvin
Theocracy A government controlled by religious leaders
Presbyterian A member of a Protestant church governed by presbyters (elders) and founded on the teachings of John Knox
Anabaptist In the Reformation, a member of a Protestant group that believed in baptizing only those persons who were old enough to decide to be Christian and believed in the separation of church and state
Catholic Reformation A 16th-century movement in which the Roman Catholic Church sought to make changes in response to the Protestant Reformation
Jesuits Members of the Society of Jesus, a Roman Catholic religious order founded by Ignatius of Loyola
Council of Trent A meeting of Roman Catholic leaders, called by Pope Paul III to rule on doctrines criticized by the Protestant reformers
Created by: tj03tayl