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Chapter 16

People and Empires in the Americas

TermDefinition
Potlatch A ceremonial feast used to display rank and prosperity in some Northwest Coast tribes of Native Americans
Anasazi An early Native American people who lived in the American southwest
Pueblo A village of large apartment -like buildings made of clay and stone, built by the Anasazi and later peoples of the American southwest
Mississippian Relating to a Mound Builder culture that flourished in North America between 800-1500 AD
Iroquois A group of Native American peoples who spoke related languages, lived in the eastern Great Lakes region of North America, and formed alliances in the late 1500s
Totem An animal or other natural object that serves as a symbol of the unity of clans or other groups
Tikal Maya city-state that was ruled by a god-king and served as a major center for religious ceremonies and trade
Glyph A symbolic picture-especially one used as part of a writing system for carving messages in stone
Codex A book with pages that can be turned, like your textbook
Popol Vul A book containing a version of teh Mayan story of creation
Obsidian A hard, glassy volcanic rock used by early peoples to make sharp weapons
Quetzalcoatl "The Feathered Serpent"- a god of the Toltecs and other Mesoamerican peoples
Triple Alliance An association of the city-states of Tenochtitlan, Texcoco, and Tlacopan, which led to the formation of the Aztec Empire
Montezuma II Became emperor in 1502. His rule started a period of decline for the Aztec Empire. Called for more sacrifice and cut many officials from government
Pachacuti Most powerful Incan ruler. Took the throne in 1438 AD. Conquered all of Peru and the neighboring lands. By 1500 AD he ruled an empire that stretched 2500 miles along the west coast of South America
Ayllu In Incan society, a small community or family group whose members worked together for the common good
Mita In the Inca Empire, the requirement that all able-bodied subjects work for the state a certain number of days each year
Quipu An arrangement of knotted strings on a cord, used by the Inca to record numerical information
Created by: tj03tayl