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Chapter 15

Societies and Empires of Africa

TermDefinition
Lineage The people - living, dead, and unborn - who are descended from a common ancestor
Stateless Societies Cultural groups in which authority is shared by lineages of equal power instead of being exercised by a central government
Patrilineal Relating to a societal system in which family decent and inheritance rights are traced through the father
Matrilineal Relating to a societal system in which family decent and inheritance rights are traced through the mother
Maghrib A region of western North Africa, consisting of the Mediterranean coast lands of what is now Morocco, Tunisia, and Algeria
Almoravids An Islamic religious brotherhood that established an empire in Northern Africa and southern Spain in the 11th century
Almohads A group of Islamic reformers who overthrew the Almoravid dynasty and established an empire in North Africa and southern Spain in the 12th century AD
Ghana A West African kingdom that grew rich from taxing and controlling trade and that established an empire in the 9th-11th centuries AD
Mali A West African empire that flourished from 1235 to the 1400s and grew rich from trade
Sundiata Mali's first great leader. Great military leader that took over the kingdom of Ghana, Kumbi, and Walata. Put capable administrators in charge of finances, defense, and foreign affairs. Reestablished the gold-salt trade and promoted agriculture
Mansa Musa Ruler of Mali from 1312-1332. He put an end to 50 years of turmoil when he became ruler. Skilled military leader that greatly expanded the control of his empire. Kept order in the empire with an 100,000 man army. Devout Muslim that built many mosques
Ibn Battuta Traveler and historian that traveled throughout the Islamic world. Praised the Mali empire for being save and devout to the Islamic faith
Songhai A West African empire that conquered Mali and controlled trade from the 1400s to 1591
Hausa A West African people who lived in several city-states in what is now northern Nigeria
Yoruba A West African people who formed several kingdoms in what is now Benin and southern Nigeria
Benin A kingdom that arose near that Niger River delta in the 1300s and became a major West African state in the 1400s
Swahili An Arabic-influenced Bantu language that is spoken widely in eastern and central Africa
Great Zimbabwe City in southeastern Africa that controlled the gold trade of Africa from 1000-1450 AD
Mutapa Relating to a southern African empire established by Mutota in the 15th century AD
Created by: tj03tayl