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Purple Module

Special Senses Review

A state of balance equilibrium
A tube which connects the nose and throat eustachian tube
Accumulation of aqueous humor in the eye glaucoma
An error in refraction ametropia
Clearness or sharpness of a sensory function acuity
Complete deafness anacusis
Condition in which one eye is misaligned with the other or out of synchrony strabismus
Cosmetic surgery removing fatty tissue above and below the eyes blepharoplasty
Defective curvature of the cornea or lens astigmatism
Dilation of the pupil corectasis
Discharge of pus from the ear otopyorrhea
Drugs that dilate the pupils mydriatics
ear pain otalgia
ear wax cerumen
evaluation of blood vessels and their leakage in and beneath the retina fluorescein angiography
excision of the iris iridectomy
Farsightedness hyperopia
flow of tears dacryorrhea
impaired vision in dim light aka nightblindness nyctalopia
incision of the cornea for treatment of nearsigthedness radial keratotomy
infection of the external auditory canal otitis externa
inflammation of the middle ear otitis media
lazy eye syndrome amblyopia
loss of accommodation associated with the aging process presbyopia
loss of sense of smell anosmia
measurement of hearing acuity audiometry
method of treating cataracts that disintegrates a cloudy lens, and is then aspirated and removed phacoemulsification
One who specializes in eye measurements optometrist
opacities on the lens cataract
perception of ringing, hissing, or other sounds in the ears tinnitus
pertaining to smell olfactory
prolapse of the eyelid blepharoptosis
reconstruction of the eardrum tympanoplasty (aka) myringoplasty
responsible for balance semicircular canals
severe congenital deficiency in colour perception achromatopsia
shaped like an anvil incus
shaped like a hammer malleus
shaped like stirrups stapes
slender tube through which sound waves travel to the middle ear ear canal
small, hard tumour on the eyelid chalazion
snail-shaped inner ear structure; first structure of the inner ear cochlea
stye hordeolum
taste gustation
the clear, transparent portion of the sclera cornea
the white of the eye sclera
treat and prevent nausea, vomiting, dizziness and vertigo antiemetics
type of involuntary eye movements nystagmus
unusual intolerance and sensitivity to light photophobia
visual distortion of objects metamorphopsia
Describe aqueous humor Found in posterior and anterior chamber  Provides nourishment for lens and cornea Produced by ciliary body  Drained by canal of Schlemm
Describe cones. Function in bright light  Produce colour vision
Describe rods. Function in dim light  Produce black and white vision
Describe the conjunctiva. Covers the outer surface of the eye and lines the eyelids
Describe the fovea Provides the greatest acuity for colour vision-  In the center of the macula
Describe the pupil Perforated center of the iris
Describe the vestibular system Controls balance and eye movements –  Consists of semicircular canals and the vestibule
Describe vitreous humor. Jellylike substance that fills the interior of the eye
What are the functions of the ear?  Hearing  Equilibrium
What are the three tunics of the eye? Fibrous -  Vascular  Sensory
What is an otolaryngologist? Treats disorders of the ear, nose and throat
What are the specific sensations Smell (olfaction)  Taste (gustation)  Equilibrium  Vision  Hearing (audition)
What is macular degeneration Deterioration of the macula
What is otosclerosis? Ankylosis of the ossicles
Where are the ossicles located? Tympanic cavity
Acc accommodation
ARMD, AMD age-related macular degeneration
Ast astigmatism
ENG electronystagmography
IOL intraocular lens
IOP intraocular pressure
LASIK laser-assisted in situ (locally) keratomileusis
AC air conduction
BC bone conduction
ENT ears, nose and throat
NIHL noise-induced hearing loss
O.D. Doctor of Optometry
RK radial keratotomy
SLE slit-lamp examination
ST esotropia
VA visual acuity
VF visual field
XT exotropia
OM otitis media
PE pressure-equalizing (tube)
URI upper respiratory infection
corrective surgery for a deformed pinna otoplasty
Created by: brigitte1112