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Exploration 2016

TermDefinition
Atlantic Slave Trade As a result of this, many cultures lost their fittest members and families were torn apart.
Mercantilism According to this policy, a nation could increase its wealth by selling more goods than it buys from other countries.
Bartolome de Las Casas He urged better treatment of Native Americans but proposed using African laborers.
They steadily increased. What happened to prices of goods in Europe, as a result of the financial success of American colonies?
It was based on race and was hereditary How was slavery in the Americas different from slavery in African and Muslim societies.
Portugal Which European country was the leader in developing and applying 15th century sailing innovations?
Shipwrecked Portuguese sailors The first Europeans to arrive on Japanese soil
caravel It was an important development in navigation because it was able to sail against the wind.
China Korea was a vassal state to this Asian nation during the 1700s.
closed country policy Policy instituted by Japan to control foreign ideas.
Hongwu He overthrew the Mongols and established the Ming Dynasty, helping China to become a dominant power.
Bartolomeu Dias Captained the first European ship to sail around the tip of Africa, now known as the Cape of Good Hope.
China During the 1500s, this country only allwed the government to trade with foreign countries.
severe shortage of labor in the colonies Result of the loss of native lives to disease
New Netherland The reason the English wanted to take control of this location was that it separated England's northern and southern colonies.
Spain The first country to import enslaved Africans to the Americas.
potatoes Carried west across the Atlantic as a part of the Columbian exchange.
New York Originally settled by the Dutch.
encomienda system Assumed that the Europeans had the right to demand labor from Native Americans
spread of Islam in Africa What helped to increase the slave trade in Africa during the 7th Century?
Aztecs Disease, native enemies, and superior weapons helped the Spanish to conquer them.
haiku presents images rather than expresses and idea
grow wealthy and spread Christianity Europeans' main motives for making voyages of exploration
Tokugawa Ieyasu Who was upset by the success of Christian missionaries because he feared religious uprisings and Christian interference in politics?
daimyo Whose power was a major barrier that hindered effective centralized government in Japan?
Warring States period The introduction of European firearms in Japan was successful because it corresponded with what?
Prince Henry Who influenced exploration by founding a navigational school on the coast of Portugal?
China What nation rejected British offers of trade because it believed it was self-sufficient and didn't need outside goods?
Tokugawa Ieyasu Completed the long process of unifying Japan
military government The Tokugawa Shogunate was a type of ______.
the Netherlands By the 1700s, this nation's East India Company dominated the Indian Ocean trade.
Line of Demarcation It established a boundary between new lands Portugal could claim and those Spain could claim.
Vasco da Gama Who succeeded in gaining a sea route between Portugal and India?
spices The most important trade good from the East in the 1400s.
Italy European nation that profited most from trade with the East in the years directly following the Crusades.
Treaty of Tordesillas It was signed chiefly to decrease conflict between Portugal and Spain over claiming new lands.
new wealth from the Americas and the growth in overseas trade What prompted a wave of new businesses and trade practices in Europe in the 16th and 17th centuries?
encomienda The ________ system provided a cheap labor source for New Spain.
Caribbean Sea Christopher Columbus first landed on an island in the _______.
joint-stock companies The purpose of most of these in the 1500s and 1600s was funding colonies in the Americas.
Africans Europeans saw ______ as a better source of labor than Native Americans because they were strangers in the Americas, so they wouldn't have allies or places to hide.
Hernando Cortes Conquered the Aztec empire
building a fur trade The main economic activity in New France
alternate attendance policy Tokugawa Ieyasu used this to control the daimyo
Created by: harmona71