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chapter 2 vocabulary

APHuG chapter 2 vocabulary

TermDefinition
agriculture density the ratio of the number of the total amount of land suitable for agriculture
arithmetic density the total number of people divided by the total land area
census a complete enumeration of a population
crude birth rate (CBR) the total number of live births in a year for every 1000 people alive in society
crude death rate (CDR) the total number of deaths in a year for every 1000 people alive in society
denographic transition the process of change in a society's population from a condition of high crude birth and death rates and low rate of natural increase to a condition of low crude birth and death rates, low rate of natural increase, and higher total population
demography the scientific study of population characteristics
dependency ratio the number of people under age 15 and over age 64 compared to the number of people active in the labor force.
sex ratio the number of males per 1000 females in the population
total fertility rate (TFR) the average number of children a woman will have throughout her childbearing years
Zero population growth (ZPG) a decline of the fertility rate to the point where the natural increase rate equals zero
doubling time the number of years needed to double a population assuming a constant rate of natural increase
ecumene the portion of earths surface accupied by a permanent human settlement
epidemiologic transition distinctive causes of death in each stage f the demographic transition
epidemiology the branch of medical science concerned with the incidence distribution and control of diseases that are prevalent among a population at a special time and are produced by some special causes not generally present in the affected locality
industrial revolution a series of improvements in industrial technology that transformed the process of manufacturing goods
Created by: campbellm19