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Chapter 3 History

Vocab

QuestionAnswer
Nomad a person who moves from place to place rather than settling permanently
Oasis a fertile area in the midst of a desert
Clan a group of people related by blood or marriage
Allah God in the Islamic religion
Monotheism a belief in one God
Pilgrimage a journey to a sacred place or shrine
Islam a monotheistic religion based on the teachings of Muhammad
Muslim a person who follows the religion of Islam, accepting Allah as the only religion
Qur'an the Muslim holy book, consisting of revelations from Allah that were collected by Muhammad's followers after his death
Sunnah Muhammad's words and deeds, which serve Muslims as a guide for proper living
Mosque a building for Muslim worship, designed to face the city of Mecca
Caliph a ruler of the Muslim community, viewed as a successor of Muhammad
Shi'a a Muslim group that resisted the Umayyads' rule, believing that the caliph should be a relative of the prophet Muhammad
Sunni a member of the Muslim group that accepted the rule of the elected caliphs and did not resist the Umayyads
Hijrah the move of Muhammad and is followers from Mecca to the city of Yathrib in a.d 622
Ka'aba a Muslim shrine in Mecca toward which the faithful turn to pray
Created by: ericavelasquez