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Global 10 Midterm

2016 - Global 10 Midterm

TermDefinition
Feudalism Social, political, and economic system used during the Medieval Period. Catholic Church had MOST POWER
Knights and Samurai Chivalry and Bushido - Based on Loyalty
Byzantine Spread of Orthodox Christianity
Crusades secure access to Christian holy sites in Jerusalem. Led to an increase in trade between Middle East and Europe
Animism and Shinto Worship Spirits in Nature
Japanese Feudalism Emperor - Shogun - Samurai - Peasants and Artisans - Merchants
Results of the travels of Marco Polo Interest in Asian cultures increased
Spread of Bubonic Plague Followed trade routes from Asia to Europe. People of North Africa, Europe, and Asia were affected by the diseasw
Commercial Revolution The emergence of trade fairs, the founding of guilds, and the creation of the Hanseatic League. The introduction of banking, letters of credit, joint stock companies, and guilds
Humanism a Renaissance movement characterized by independent thought and a renewed interest in classical Greek and Roman culture
Macchiaveli belief that “the end justifies the means. Leaders may use any method to achieve what is best for the state
Renaissance HUMANISM!!! Leonardo da Vinci, Michaelangelo, William Shakespeare, and Nicolaus Copernicus
Scientific Revolution The heliocentric model, the development of inductive reasoning, and the work of Descartes
Protestant Reformation Martin Luther - Ninety-five Theses, John Calvin, and Henry VIII - Act of Supremacy, Challenged the authority of the Catholic Church. Led to a decline in religious unity.
Magna Carta Limit the power of King John
Aztecs Mexico. Conquest by foreigners
Inca Empire South America. Building a network of roads through the mountains
Zheng He Ming dynasty. Expand trade with Africa and Southeast Asia. Chinese merchants began trading with Africa
Ottoman Empire Captured the city of Constantinople in 1453. Benefited from rich trade along the Mediterranean Sea. Ruled by Suleiman the Lawgiver
Ferdinand Magellan First to circumnavigate Earth
Hernan Cortes Destruction of the Aztec empire
Francisco Pizzaro Destruction of the Inca empire
Age of Exploration Portugal and Spain. Led directly to the establishment of European colonies
Astrolabe Technological development enabled European navigators to determine their location during the Age of Exploration
Columbian Exchange Triangular trade between North America, Europe, and Africa. Beginnings of Mercantilism
Mercantilism The policy of establishing colonies to gain wealth by controlling colonial trade
Encomienda System Was developed by the Spanish to support plantation agriculture
Absolutism European monarchs tried to centralize political power within their nations
Theory of Divine Right Power to rule comes from a higher power than the ruler himself - God. Led to establishment of an absolute monarchy
Mandate of Heaven Power to rule comes from a higher power than the ruler (dynasty itself) - supreme being
John Locke If a government fails to protect its people's natural rights of life, liberty, and property, the people have the right to overthrow it. Natural Rights - Life, Liberty, and Property
Enlightenment Ideas based on faith in human reason. Locke, Montesquieu, Voltaire, and Rousseau
Montesquieu Enlightenment. Separation of Powers
Voltaire Enlightenment. Freedom of thought, expression, and religion
Created by: jgiattino