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1 Final Exam

Ind Revolution Study Guide

QuestionAnswer
What changes occurred during the Agriculture Revolution 1) British landowners used new ways to farm 2) Seed drill replaced scattering seeds by hand and more seeds sprouted. 3) Started to practice annual crop rotations 4) More food caused healthier diets 5) Healthier diets caused the population to increase
What were the overall effects of the Agriculture revolution The agricultural Revolution produced the industrial revolution
What specific technological advances occurred during the Industrial Revolution & what role/impact did they play/have on the period? 1) Inventions that allowed cloth and clothing to be produced more quickly. 2) The steam engine 3) Railroad and steam powered locomotive 4) Better roads The impact was it produced a lot of jobs. People started moving into the cities.
How were Transportation methods improved during this period of time? What were their effects? Better roads were built. The first steam boat was invented the steam powered locomotive was invented. All these made it easier to move goods to market more quickly. Lots of new jobs were created.
What type of occupations did children fill during the Industrial Revolution in Britain? They worked in factories
7. What kind of conditions did children experience in factory work during the Industrial Revolution in Britain? Poor working conditions. Unsafe. Forced to work very long hours.
8. What was the English factory system? How did it make a shift in the production of goods at the time? Involved mass producing goods by machines usually run by water or steam
What effect did the factory system have on the health of its employees? It was very harmful to the health of the workers. Long hours, hot and cold, unsafe.
11. What are the defining characteristics of capitalism? Believes in individual ownership and competition
What are the defining characteristics of Communism? Believes in the collective (group) ownership and a planned economy The theory is that everybody pools their resources and labor to evenly distribute everything
What are the defining characteristics of Socialism? The stage between capitalism and communism Builds on Capitalism by nationalizing (government takes over control of the means of production)
What are the Advantages and disadvantages of Capitalism? Advantages: Freedom, choice. You can work wherever you want, an do what you want. You can be very successful Disadvantage: No safety net. Big gap between rich and poor
What are the Advantages and disadvantages of Communism? Advantages: Security, basic needs are met. Everyone has a job, house, health care.. It attempts to eliminate class differences (rich and poor) and unify under a common goal
What are the Advantages and disadvantages of Socialism? Advantages: Greater efficiency since means of production are regulated by central authority. Less income inequality than in capitalism. Disadvantages: Elimination of individualism and lack of economic freedom. Red tape and government bureaucracy.
13. How was Karl Marx related to the economic systems? founder of Communism
How was Adam Smith related to the economic systems Capitalism
Why did Karl Marx develop the ideas that would make up the concepts in the Communist Manifesto? Though communism was a solution to capitalisms problem. Thought poor workers would get fed up and overthrow their government and start communism.
How is Marx's view of communism explained in the Communist Manifesto? he feels the working poor have been exploited and feels wealth should be shared by everyone
How did cities change during the Industrial Revolution? people moved from the country to the city. Lots of jobs were created with factories and better transportation
What changes regarding production & manufacturing occurred during the Industrial Revolution? new inventions that allowed clothing to be produced more quickly. Huge factories were built that housed large machines powered by water. The Steam Engine was invented as a new source of power.
Where did the textile industry start In textile (cloth) manufacturing
Economics deals with what the production, consumption, and distribution of wealth.
What economic system believes in individual ownership Capitalism
What economic system believes in collective or group ownership Communism
What economic system builds on Capitalism by nationalizing Socialism
Who is considered the founder of Capitalism Adam Smith
Who is considered the founder of Communism Karl Marx
What economic System has Freedom of Choice and allows people to work where, buy whatever, and do whatever the choose Capitalism
What economic system provides everyone a house, healthcare and a job Communism
What economic system attempts to eliminate class differences (rich and poor) Communism
1. What led to the beginnings of industrialization in Britain? The agricultural Revolution produced the industrial revolution.
2. What key inventions and technology helped further the Industrial Revolution? 1) Inventions that allowed cloth and clothing to be produced more quickly. 2) The steam engine 3) Railroad and steam powered locomotive 4) Better roads The impact was it produced a lot of jobs. People started moving into the cities.
3. How did improvements in transportation make an impact during the Industrial Revolution? Better roads were built. The first steam boat was invented the steam powered locomotive was invented. All these made it easier to move goods to market more quickly. Lots of new jobs were created.
4. What tensions developed between the middle and working classes during the Industrial Revolution?
5. What thinkers and ideas developed that supported industrialization during this period?
6. What is socialism and Marxism and how did these concepts developed during the Industrial Revolution?
7. How do the economic systems of capitalism, socialism, and communism compare and contrast with each other?
8. What were the overall economic effects of the Industrial Revolution?
Created by: BKGoode