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Chapter 7

The Medes and the Persians were Indo-Europeans who migrated from central Asia to Persia.
Which of the following descriptions is NOT correct with regard to the Medes and Persians from the tenth to the sixth century B.C.E.? descendants of the Greeks; related to Alexander of Macedon
Which of the following is true of Cyrus? His contemporaries called him "the Shepherd" because of the region he came from, His conquests laid the foundation of the first Persian empire, He conquered Babylon in a swift campaign, He ruled from his palace in Pasargadae.
Egypt was conquered by Cambyses
To govern a far-flung empire consisting of more than seventy distinct ethnic groups, the Achaemenid rulers established lines of communication and centralized administration.
The Persian Royal Road stretched some 2,575 kilometers (1,600 miles) from Sardis in Lydia to Susa in Iran. To travel from one end to the other, it would take ninety days for caravans.
The "Persian Wars" (500-479 B.C.E.) refers to the rebellions of the Greek city-states, fighting for their independence.
Alexander's invasion of the Achaemenid empire met with great success because his army was well disciplined, was well armed, and used sophisticated tactics.
The rulers of the Seleucid empire could not control the empire effectively, primarily because as foreigners, they were opposed by native Persians.
What didn't the Parthians have had a centralized government.
The Parthian empire was toppled by a revolt from within the empire.
The administration of the Persian empires called for a new class of bureaucrats who undermined the position of the old warrior elite, came to share power and influence with warriors and clan leaders, were well educated, included a corps of translators.
The construction of numerous underground canals (known as qanat) was undertaken because water was scarce, and underground canals could keep water from evaporating.
In classical Persia, slaves often came from the ranks of the free who went into debt. could not marry other slaves at will. were often prisoners of war or people who had rebelled against imperial authorities. provided much of the manual labor on construction projects.
The economic foundation of classical Persian society was agriculture.
The growth of trade was promoted by linking the lands from India to Egypt into a vast commercial zone. standardizing coinage. cities establishing banks to facilitate commercial activities. relative political stability.
Zarathustra was a prophet.
Which of the following was NOT a Zoroastrian teaching? ascetic renunciation of the world in favor of a future heavenly existence
From the mid-seventh century, Zoroastrianism lost its popularity because Zoroastrians were converting to Islam.
Which religion did not attract large numbers of converts in the Persian empires? Hinduism
Created by: FidencioV3202