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Medical Terminology

Medical Terms

TermDefinition
A-, AN- without, away from, negative, not
ANTE- before, in fornt of, forward
ANTI- against
BRADY- slow
DYS- bad, difficult, painful
END-, ENDO- within, in, inside
HEMI- half
HYPER- excessive, increased
HYPO- deficient, decreased
INTER- between, among
INTRA- within, inside
NEO- new,strange,
PER- excessive, through
PERI- surrounding, around
POLY- many
POST- after, behind
PRE- before, in front of, forward
SUB- under, less, below
SUPER-, SUPRA- above, excessive
TACHY- fast, rapid
-AC, -AL pertaining to, relating to
-ALGIA pain, suffering, painful condition
-ARY pertaining to
-CELE hernia, tumor, swelling
-CENTESIS surgical puncture to remove fluid
-CYTE cell
-DESIS to bind, tie together
-ECTOMY surgical removal, cutting out
-ECTASIS stretching, dilation, enlargement
-EMIA blood, blood condition
-ESTHESIA sensation, feeling
-GRAM, -GRAPH a picture or record
-GRAPHY the process of producing a picture or record
-IA abnormal condition, disease
-IC pertaining to
-ITIS inflammation
-LYSIS breakdown, separation, setting free, destruction, loosening
-MALACIA abnormal softning
-MEGALY enlargement
-NECROSIS tissue death
-OLOGIST specialist
-OLOGY the science or study of
-OMA tumor, neoplasm
-OSIS abnormal condition, disease
-OSTOMY surgical creation of an opening to the body surface
-OTOMY cutting, surgical incision
-PATHY disease, suffering, feeling, emotion
-PAUSE stopping
-PEXY surgical fixation
-PLASTY surgical repair
-PLEGIA paralysis
-PNEA breathing
-PTOSIS prolapse, drooping forward
-RRHAGIA, -RRHAGE bleeding, abnormal excessive fluid discharge
-RRHAPHY surgical suturing
-RRHEA flow or discharge
-RRHEXIS rupture
-SCLEROSIS abnormal hardening
-SCOPE instrument for visual examination
-SCOPY visual examination
-STENOSIS abnormal narrowing
-TRIPSY to crush
-URIA urination, urine
ANGI/O (CARDIOVASCULAR) pertaining to blood or lymph vessels
AORT/O (CARDIOVASCULAR) aorta
ARTERI/O (CARDIOVASCULAR) artery
ATHER/0 (CARDIOVASCULAR) plaque, fatty substance
CARD/O, CARDI/O (CARDIOVASCULAR) heart
HEM/O, HEMAT/O (CARDIOVASCULAR) blood, pertaining to the blood
PHLEB/O (CARDIOVASCULAR) vein
THROMB/O (CARDIOVASCULAR) clot
VEN/O (CARDIOVASCULAR) vein
ECH/O CARDIOVASCULAR sound
RADI/O (DIAGNOSTIC PROCEDURES) radiation, x-rays
CHOLECYST/O (DIAGNOSTIC PROCEDURES) gallbladder
COL/O, COLON/O (DIGESTIVE SYSTEM) colon, large intestine
PROCT/O (DIGESTIVE SYSTEM) anus and rectum
ENTER/O (DIGESTIVE SYSTEM) small intestinve
ESOPHAG/O (DIGESTIVE SYSTEM) esophagus
GASTR/O (DIGESTIVE SYSTEM) stomach
HEPAT/O (DIGESTIVE SYSTEM) liver
SIGMOID/O (DIGESTIVE SYSTEM) sigmoid colon
ADREN/O (ENOCRINE SYSTEM) adrenal glands
GONAD/O (ENDOCRINE AND REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEMS) sex gland
PANCREAT/O (ENDOCRINE AND REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEMS) pancreas
THYR/O, THYROID/O (ENDOCRINE SYSTEM) thyroid gland
ADIP/O fat
ALBIN/O white
CEPHAL/O head
CERVIC/O neck, cervix
CORON/O coronary, crown
CYAN/O blue
CYT/O cell
ERYTHR/O red
HIST/O tissue
LAPAR/O abdomen, abdominal wall
LEUK/O white
LIP/O fat, lipid
MELAN/O black, dark
MYC/O fungus
PATH/O disease, suffering, feeling, emotion
PY/O pus
PYR/O fever, fire
SARC/O flesh, connective tissue
CARCIN/O cancerous
ONC/O (IMMUNE SYSTEM) tumor
CUTANE/O (INTEGUMENTARY SYSTEM) skin
DERM/O, DERMAT/O (INTEGUMENTARY SYSTEM) skin
HIDR/O (INTEGUMENTARY SYSTEM) sweat
SEB/O (INTEGUMENTARY SYSTEM) sebum
UNGU/O (INTEGUMENTARY SYSTEM) nail
XER/O (INTEGUMENTARY SYSTEM) dry
ADEN/O gland
SPLEN/O (LYMPHATIC SYSTEM) spleen
FASCI/O (MUSCULAR SYSTEM) fascia, fibrous band
MY/O (MUSCULAR SYSTEM) muscle
TEN/O, TENDO/O, TENDIN/O (MUSCULAR SYSTEM) tendon, stretch out, exten, strain
ENCEPHAL/O (NERVOUS SYSTEM) brain
MENING/O (NERVOUS SYSTEM) meninges, membranes
NEUR/I, NEUR/O (NERVOUS SYSTEM) nerve, nerve tissue
COLP/O (REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM) vagina
HYSTER/O (REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM) uterus
MEN/O (REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM) menstruation, menses
METR/O, METRI/O, METR/I (REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM) uterus
OV/O (REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM) egg
OOPHOR/O, OVARI/O (REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM) ovary
ORCH/O, ORDHID/O (REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM) teticles, testis, testes
SALPING/O (REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM AND SPECIAL SENSES) uterine (fallopian) tube, auditory (eustachian) tube
UTER/O (REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM) uterus
VAGIN/O (REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM) vagina
BRONCH/O, BRONCHI/O (RESPIRATORY SYSTEM) bronchial tube, bronchus
LARYNG/O (RESPIRATORY SYSTEM) larynx, throat
PHARYNG/O (RESPIRATORY SYSTEM) throat, pharynx
PLEUR/O (RESPIRATORY SYSTEM) pleura, side of the body
PNEUM/O, PNEUMON/O (RESPIRATORY SYSTEM) lung, air
PULM/O, PULMON/O (RESPIRATORY SYSTEM) lung
TRACHE/O (RESPIRATORY SYSTEM) trachea, windpipe
ANKLY/O (SKELETAL SYSTEM) crooked, bent, stiff
ARTHR/O (SKELETAL SYSTEM) joint
CHONDR/O (SKELETAL SYSTEM) cartilage
COST/O (SKELETAL SYSTEM) rib
CRANI/O (SKELETAL SYSTEM) skull
MYEL/O (SKELETAL AND NERVOUS SYSTEM) spinal cord, bone marrow
OSS/E, OSS/I, OST/O, OSTE/O (SKELETAL SYSTEM) bone
SPONDYL/O (SKELETAL SYSTEM) vertebrae, vertebral, column, back bone
THORAC/O (SKELETAL AND RESPIRATORY SYSTEM) chest
KERAT/O (SPECIAL SENSES AND INTEGUMENTARY SYSTEM horny, hard, cornea
MYRING/O (SPECIAL SENSES) tympanic membrane, eardrum
OPTIC/O, OPT/O (SPECIAL SENSES) eye, vision
OT/O (SPECIAL SENSES) ear hearing
RETIN/O (SPECIAL SENSES) retina
SCLER/O (SPECIAL SENSES AND INTEGUMENTARY SYSTEM) sclera, white of eye, hard
TYMPAN/O (SPECIAL SENSES) tympanic membrane, eardrum
CYST/O (URINARY SYSTEM) urinary bladder, cyst, sac of fluid
LITH/O (URINARY AND DIGESTIVE SYSTEM) stone, calculus
NEPHR/O (URINARY SYSTEM) kidney
PYEL/O (URINARY SYSTEM) renal pelvis, bowl of kidney
REN/O (URINARY SYSTEM) kidney
URETER/O (URINARY SYSTEM) ureter
URETHER/O (URINARY SYSTEM) urethra
Created by: megans