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Foy WH Ch. 8 Test

QuestionAnswer
Who wrote the Greek writings, the Iliad and the Odyssey? Homer
Who created a set of laws allowing all free men to be citizens? Solon
What tyrant overthrew the Athenian oligarchy, and held power through the use of force? Peisistratus
How did Greeks explain how the world worked? through telling myths about gods and heroes
Who was the most famous Greek lyric poet? Sappho
In a republic (representative democracy), like the United States, who makes the laws? elected representatives
What Greek writing describes the challenges that Odysseus faced on his way home from the Trojan War? Odyssey
What Greek writing tells the story of the last years of the Trojan War? Iliad
Where was life in the city-state focused? agora
What was the most famous hero who fought many monsters and performed nearly impossible tasks? Hercules
Where was a city-state usually built? around a strong fortress on top of a high hill called an acropolis
What civilization conquered Athens and ruled it like a dictatorship? Macedonians
What man overthrew the Athenian aristocracy and established the world’s first democracy? Cleisthenes
Why did Greek villages have a hard time communicating with each other? Mountains covered most of Greece.
What was a result of Greeks turning to the seas to travel instead of land travel? The Greeks became skilled shipbuilders and sailors.
What made the Greek city-states much richer? trade
Where did groups from Greek city-states begin setting up colonies? around the Mediterranean and Black Seas
What hero sailed across the sea in search of great treasure? Jason
What is the most obvious way we see the influence of the Greeks in our culture? language
What marks the beginning of Greece’s classical age? the creation of city-states
What man led Athens to its height and encouraged people to serve in public office or on juries? Pericles
What type of government did Athens have before it became a democracy? oligarchy
Under Athens’ direct democracy, who was allowed to participate in government? all citizens
Who wrote famous fables such as “The Tortoise and the Hare” and “The Boy Who Cried Wolf?” Aesop
Who held the power in Athens? aristocrats
What hero traveled to Crete and killed the minotaur, a half-human, half-bull monster? Theseus
Became the victims of a huge volcano that erupted north of Crete Minoans
First people to be considered Greek Mycenaeans
Not considered Greek because they didn’t speak Greek Minoans
Spent much of their time at sea, trading goods such as wood, olive oil, and pottery Minoans
Shipped goods around the Mediterranean and Black Seas Mycenaeans
Developed colonies in northern Greece and Italy Mycenaeans
Took over Crete and became the major traders in the eastern Mediterranean Mycenaeans
Created by: lfoy8290