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Facial Machines

Chapter 16 - Standard Esthetics

anaphoresis process of desincrustation or forcing negative liquids into the tissues from the negative toward the positive pole
anaphoresis process of ionic penetration that is an alkaline, stimulating action
electrophoresis occurs because particles dispersed in a fluid almost always carry an electric surface charge
cataphoresis process of forcing positive, acidic substances into deeper tissues using a galvanic current from the positive toward the negative pole
cataphoresis process of ionic penetration that tightens and calms the skin
desincrustation galvanic current is used to create an alkaline chemical reaction that emulsifies or liquefies sebum and debris
electrotherapy the use of electrical devices for therapeutic benefits
galvanic current a constant and direct current; uses a positive and negative pole to produce chemical reactions and ionic reactions
high-frequency machine apparatus that utilizes alternating or sinusoidal current to produce a mild to strong heat effect
high-frequency is a Telsa current, sometimes called voilet ray
Nikola Telsa United States electrical engineer and inventor (born in Croatia but of Serbian descent) who discovered the principles of alternating currents(1856-1943)
ion an atom or molecule that carries an electrical charge
ion an atom or molecule which has lost or gained one or more electrons, giving it a positive or negative electrical charge
ionization the physical process of converting an atom or molecule into an ion by adding or removing charged particles such as electrons or other ions
ionization the process of separating of a substance into ions
iontophoresis classified use of transdermal drug delivery
iontophoresis process of introducing ions of water-soluble products into the skin using an electric current such as a positive and negative poles of a galvanic machine
anode; cathode the positively charged chamber, termed the _____ will repel a positively charged chemical, while the negatively charged chamber, termed the _____, will repel a negatively charged chemical into the skin
Lucas sprayer atomizer designed to apply plant extracts and other ingredients to the skin
rotary brush machine used to lightly exfoliate and stimulate the skin
rotary brush machine used to help soften excess oil, dirt, and cell buildup
saponification chemical reaction during desincrustation where the current transforms the sebum into soap
sinusoidal current alternating current similar to faradic current
sinusoidal current current that produces mechanical contractions and is used during scalp and facial manipulations
spray machine spray misting device
thermolysis has a heat effect
thermolysis used for permanent hair removal
vacuum machine also suction machine, device that vacuums/suctions the skin to remove impurities and stimulate circulation
suction machine also vacuum machine, device that vacuums/suctions the skin to remove impurities and stimulate circulation
Wood's lamp filtered black light that is used to illuminate skin disorders, fungi, bacterial disorders, and pigmentation
anaphoresis negative pole (cathode); causes an alkaline reaction
anaphoresis negative pole (cathode); softens and relaxes tissue
anaphoresis negative pole (cathode); stimulates nerve endings
anaphoresis negative pole (cathode); increases blood circulation
cataphoresis positive pole (anode); causes an acid reaction
cataphoresis positive pole (anode; tightens the skin
cataphoresis positive pole (anode); calms or soothes nerve endings
cataphoresis positive pole (anode); decreases blood circulation
The __________ of a product is also a factor in permeability molecular weight
permeability a measure of how easily a fluid (e.g., water) can pass through a porous medium (skin)
Smaller molecules have a greater _____, while larger molecules _____ into the skin penetration ability; cannot penetrate
If neither a negative nor positive polarity is indicated for an ampoule, as a general rule the esthetician should first use the _____ pole and then the _____ pole. negative; positive
Products that have a slightly acidic pH are considered positive
Products with an alkaline (or base) tendency are considered _____ negative
Producst with an alkaline tendency (negative) are used for? desincrustation
This process allows estheticians to transfer, or penetrate, ions of an applied solution into deeper layers of the skin. iontophoresis/cataphoresis
universal laws of attraction negative attracts positive and vice versa
iontophoresis creates an exchange of negative and positive ions or charges
If a product is positive, the client and esthetician will use... opposite electrodes
An alkaline-based electronegative solution is placed onto the skin's surface to perform desincrustation
When the electrical current interacts with the salts (sodium chloride) in the skin it creates a chemical know as _____ - or lye sodium hydroxide
this function is thought to help reduce the appearance of creases (laugh lines) and improve the overall appearance of the skin vacuum (suction)
What are the two main functions of the vacuum (suction) machine? 1)remove (suction) dirt and impurities from the skin, and 2) to simulate the dermal layer and blood circulation
When using the steamer, steam should be kept _____ inches from the face 15 to 18
To avoid harming the client's skin, suction should not be used on _____, _____, or _____ skin. inflamed, rosacea, cuperose
What step can be used instead of using the vacuum (suction) machine? massage
Ordinary oxygen in the atmosphere consists of _____ oxygen atoms. 2
Ozone consists of ______ oxygen atoms and has _____ qualities. 3; anticeptic
Ozone molecules have the power to kill _____ and other _____. bacteria; microorganisms
ozone a strong oxidizer that creates free radicals
Too much steam should not be used on _____ or ____ skin because it _____, causing more redness and irritation. couperose,inflamed; dialates the capillaries and follicles
to avoid damaging or further irritating the skin, do not use brushes or suction devices on acne, couperose, or inflamed skin
a thick corneum layer appears as _____ under the Wood's lamp white florescence
a horny layer of dead skin cells appears as _____ under the Wood's lamp white spots
normal, healthy skin appears as _____ under the Wood's lamp blue-white
dehydrated skin appears as _____ under the Wood's lamp light violet
oily areas of the face/comedones appear as _____ under the Wood's lamp yellow or sometimes pink
pigmentation problems appear as _____ under the Wood's lamp: brown
contraindications for electrotherapy heart patients, clients with pacemakers, metal implants, preganant clients, clients with epilepsy or seizure disorders, clients who are afraid of electric current, those with open or broken skin.
Electrical devices enhance a facial by making it easier to give a _____, _____, and _____ skin analysis; achieve better product penetration; sanitize the skin
Created by: heaneyl
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