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Culture & Religion

South & East Asia

TermDefinition
Ethnic Group A group of people that share common food, language, country of family origin, CULTURE. You can't change it.
Religious Group A group of people that share a common BELIEF, god of worship. You can choose it/change it.
Buddhism Religion started in India by Siddhartha. 4th largest religion in the world.
Buddhism beliefs -4 noble truths teach that suffering is caused by greed and desire. -The ultimate goal is to reach Nirvana- a state of enlightenment where one can have happiness and peace. -To reach Nirvana you must follow the 8 fold path -reincarnation
Hindusim Started in India by Aryan people. 3rd largest religion. No sacred text.
Hinduism beliefs All living beings have souls. Karma determines fate.Reincarnation. Live by Caste System.
Islam Started in Middle East by prophet Mohammed. 2nd largest religion in the world. Sacred text- Quran.
Islam beliefs 5 pillars. Only one god-Allah. Pray 5 times/day. Give $ to poor. Hajj or trip to Mecca. Fast during Ramadan. Branches- sunni and shia. Disagree over who should be leader after Mohammed died.
Shintoism Started in Japan. No rules for moral living and don’t worship a god. No sacred text.
Shintoism beliefs Believe in cleanliness, purity and Kami which are divine spirits in nature. Worship kami in shrines.
Confucianism Founded in China by Confucius. Sacred text- 4 Books & 5 classics. a philosophy, not a religion. Based on good deeds and morals.
Confucianism beliefs Believe in 5 relationships: ruler and subject, father and son, husband and wife, older brother and younger brother, & friend and friend. Goal is to treat others the way you want to be treated, which is the golden rule.
Common Goals of Buddhism and Hinduism To establish peace and harmony
Golden Rule Treat others the way you want to be treated. (Confucianism belief)
Caste System The dividing up of people based on their social status.
Reincarnation When you die you come back to life as something else.
Polythemism Belief in many gods.
Kami Nature gods in the Shinto religion
4 Noble truths All life is suffering, The cause of suffering is greed and desire. This desire can be destroyed, by following the Eightfold Path.
Karma Everything a person does has a good or bad consequence.
Nirvana Ultimate state of peace; goal for buddhists
5 Pillars 5 rules Muslims must follow in their life. 1. only one god- Allah. 2. Pray 5 times/day. 3. Fast during Ramadan. 4. Give Money to the poor. 5. Hajj to Mecca
Philospohy a set of beliefs about existence based on reason, NOT on the spiritual. (not a religion) (Confucianism)
Brahman Hindus overall god; all gods come into one.
Vedas Hindus sacred text
Shrine Shintos place of worship
Created by: summerourss7
 

 



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