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DM Medications

Common Diabetic Medications

QuestionAnswer
Which class of medications decreases hepatic glucose production? Biguanides
What are the two classes of insulin secretagogues? Sulfonylureas, Glinides (Meglitinides)
Which is the less-potent insulin secretagogue? Glindides (Meglitinides)
What is the main risk with insulin secretagogues? Hypoglycemia
What are the two brand names of Sulfonylureas (insulin secretagogues) Amaryl, Glucotrol
What are the two brand names of Glinides (insulin secretagogues Prandin, Starlix
What is the treatment for hypoglycemia? Rule of 15's: 15 g fast-acting CHO Wait 15 min Check BG If <70, repeat If no meal is planned, test within 60 minutes again
What foods are equivalent to 15 g of fast-acting CHO to treat hypoglycemia? 3 glucose tablets 1/2 c fruit juice 6 Saltines 1T honey or syrup 5 Lifesavers
What is the name of the class of Insulin Sensitizer drugs? Thiazoladinediones, Biguanides
What drugs increases insulin sensitivity at the muscle and liver? Thiazoladinediones, Biguanides
What are the main side effects of insulin sensitizers? Nausea, loss of appetite
What are the main side effects of Thiazoladinediones? Nausea, loss of appetite
What are the main side effects of Biguanides? Nausea, loss of appetite
Under what class of drug is Glucotrol? Sulfonylurea
Under what class of drug is Amaryl? Sulfonylurea
What do Sulfonylureas do? Cause the pancreas to secrete insulin
What does Glucotrol do? Cause the pancreas to secrete insulin
What does Amaryl do? Cause the pancreas to secrete insulin
What do Glinides/Meglitinides do? Cause the pancreas to secrete insulin
What does Prandin do? Cause the pancreas to secrete insulin
What does Starlix do? Cause the pancreas to secrete insulin
What are the brand names of Thiazoladinediones Actos, Avandia
What does Actos do? Increases insulin sensitivity at muscle and liver
What does Avandia do? Increases insulin sensitivity at muscle and liver
Under what class of drugs is Actos? Thiazoloadinediones
Under what class of drugs is Avandia? Thiazoladinediones
What do biguanides do? Prevent the production of glucose in the liver, improve the body's sensitivity towards insulin and reduce the amount of sugar absorbed by the intestines
What are the brand names of biguanides? Metformin, Glucophage
Under what class of drug is Metformin? Biguanide
Under what class of drug is Glucophage? Biguanide
What do alpha-glucosidase inhibitors do? Affect gut enzymes that diges CHO to slow CHO absorption; keeps BG lower
What drugs slow CHO absorption? Alpha-glucosidase inhibitors
What drugs can cause diarrhea and gas? Alpha-glucosidase inhibitors
What are the types of Alpha-glucosidase inhibitors? Acarbose, Miglitol
What is the brand name for Acarbose and what class is it under? Precose, Alpha-glucosidase inhibitors
What is the brand name for Miglitol and what class is it under? Glyset, Alpha-glucosidase inhibitors
What class of drugs can help with weight control? Alpha-glucosidase inhibitors
What do DPP4 inhibitors do? Send a message to Dpp4 (gut hormone). DPP4 signals pancreas to make insulin what BG is increased and signals the liver to make less glucose
What does DPP4 do? Signals pancreas to make insulin what BG is increased and signals the liver to make less glucose
What is the brand name for Sitagliptin? Januvia (DPP4 Inhibitor)
What is the other name for Januvia? Sitagliptin (DPP4 inhibitor)
Created by: susandavis521