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Congenital Cardiac P

Practice Quiz Congenital Cardiac Pathology

Which of the following is a congenital heart defect involving reversal of the aorta and pulmonary artery? : coarctation of the Aorta; Patent ductus arteriosus; Transposition of the great vessels; Ebstein's anomaly; Tetralogy of Fallot Transposition of the great vessels
Which of the following is characterisitic of Tetralogy of Fallot? Greater pressure in the LV; a fall in pressure from the LV to AO; An elevated gradient in mean RA and LA pressures; A fall in pressure from RV to PA A fall in pressure from RV to PA (due to pulmonic stenosis)
Eisenmenger's syndrome is characterized by: Reversal of a L-R shunt into a R-L shunt
Children with Ebstein's anomaly have a/an: tricuspid valve displaced into the RV
The most common congenital defect operated upon is: Ventricular septal defect
Which of the following defects is cyanotic? Coarctation of the aorta; Total anomalous pulmonary venous return; Truncus arteriosus; Tricuspid atresia; Cor triatriatum Coarctation of the aorta (Terrible T)
A Cardioseal Starbust or an Amplatzer could be used to close a/an: Patent foramen ovale
How would an A-V fistula between RCA and RA be repaired? Put a covered stent into coronary artery
In a Glenn shunt operation, the superior vena cava is connected to the: Right pulmonary artery (SVC is tied into RPA and bypasses the heart)
A Jatene Arterial Switch is performed to correct: Transposition of the Great Vessels
What is the most common "terrible T" Tetralogy of Fallot
Carviac situs inversus is: Dextrocardia
How many weeks does it take for the heart to have four distinct chambers? 8
At which week of gestation does the fetal heart begin to beat? Fourth
True or False: The circulating blood molds the heart into shape in a process called cardiogenesis True
A Fontan procedure is performed to: Increase pulmonary blood flow
The most likely complication of balloon dilataton of coarctation of the aorta pulmonary edema
A Blalock-Taussig Shunt is performed to correct Pulmonary Atresia
Cor triatriatum 3 atria (LA is cut in half: top and bottom - red blood never gets to mitral valve) CYANOTIC
How is Transposition of the Great Vessels corrected Jatene
Fix for Bicuspid aortic valve wait and fix it in a 40 or 50 year old when it stenosis. It can cause LV hypertrophy
How is a VSD repaired? with a transcatheter closure device
What is the fix for Truncus ateriosus? Use cadaver pulmonary artery
What is the fix for Ebstein's anomaly? move tricuspid valve up where it belongs and possibly a pacemaker
Most congenital cardiac defects are due to errors in development in the: first 6 to 8 weeks of gestation
In most cases, coarctation of the aorta is located: Near the ductus arteriosus (connective tissue wound around aorta)
The aorta and pulmonary artery develop from the fetal: truncus arteriosus
The umbilical arteries originate from the fetal: Internal iliac arteries
A five yr old has cyanosis and clubbing of the toes but not of the fingers. A machinery murmus is heard at the pulmonic area. Systemic BP is low while pulmonary pressures are high. What do you suspect? Patent ductus arteriosus (Clubbing is not in fingers because head and arms are getting blood from aorta)
What EKG pattern would be likely with complete A-V canal defect? Complete heart block
Which of the following is a congenital cardiomyopathy? Glycogen storage disease (glycogen stored in heart muscle)
The incidence of congenital cardiac defects in the U.S population is ____________ newborns 6-8 per 1,000 or 1 in 100; 10 in 1000
Risk factors for congenital heart disease include all of
Created by: ICVT2b