Normal Size Small Size show me how
Industrialization and Urban Planning
|that sell their products or services primarily to consumers outside the settlement.
|Services that primarily meet the needs of other businesses.
|Central Bussiness District
|The area of the city where retail and office activities are clustered.
|A market center for the exchange of services by people attracted from the surrounding area.
|Central Place theory
|A theory that explains the distribution of services, based on the fact that settlements serve as centers of market areas for services; larger settlements are fewer and far¬ther apart than smaller settlements and provide services for a larger number of pe
|A sovereign state comprising a city and its immedi¬ate hinterland..
|Clustered rural settlement
|A rural settlement in which the houses and farm buildings of each family are situated close to each otller and fields surround the settlement.
|Businesses that provide sen;ces primarily to individual consumers, including retail sen-ices and personal servICes.
|Dispersed rural settlement
|A rural settlement pattern char¬acterized by isolated farms rather than clustered villages.
|A community's collection of basic industries.
|The process of consolidating small landholdings into a smaller number of larger farms in England during the eighteenth century.
|A model that holds that the potential use of a service at a particular location is directly related to the number of people in a location and inversely related to the distance people must travel to reach the service.
|The area surrounding a central place, from which people are attracted to use the place's goods and services.
|Industries that sell their products prima¬rily to consumers in the community.
|Manufacturing activities in which cost of transporting both raw materials and finished product is not important for determining the loca¬tion of the firm.
|Services that provide for the well-being and personal improvement of individual consumers.
|The largest settlement in a country, if it has more than twice as many people as the second-ranking settlement.
|Primate city rule
|A pattern of settlements in a country, such that the largest settlement has more than twice as many people as the second-ranking settlement.
|Services that primarily help people con¬duct business.
|The maximum distance people are will¬ing to travel to use a service.
|Rank size rule
|A pattern of settlements in a country, such that the 11th largest settlement is Un the population of the largest settlement.
|Services that promote goods for sale to consumers.
|An activity that fulfills a human Want or need and returns money to those who provide it.
|A permanent collection of buildings and inhabitants.
|beat out grain from stalks by trampling it.
|Transportation and information services
|Services that dif¬fuse and distribute services.
|Break of Bulk point
|A location where transfer is possible from one mode of transportation to another.
|Bulk reducing industry
|An industry in which the final prod¬uct weighs less or comprises a lower volume than the inputs.
|Manufacturing based in homes rather than in a factory, commonly found before the Industrial Revolution.
|Form of mass production in which each worker is assigned one specific task to perform repeatedly.
|A series of imprmements in industrial technology that transformed the process of manufacturing goods
|Labor intensive industry
|An industry for which labor costs comprise a high percentage of total expenses.
|Factories built by u.s. companies in Mexico near the U.S. border, to take advantage of much lm,-er labor costs in 1\1exico.
|New international division of labor
|Transfer of some types of jobs, especially those requiring low-paid less skilled workers, from more developed to less developed countries.
|production Adoption by companies of flexible work rules, such as the allocation of workers to teams that per¬form a variety of tasks.
|Right to work state
|A U.S. state that has passed a law pre¬venting a union and company from negotiating a contract that requires workers to join a union as a condition of employment.
|Site factors Location
|factors related to the costs of factors of production inside the plant, such as land, labor, and capital.
|The location of a place relative to other places. Situation factors Location factors related to the transporta¬tion of materials into and from a factory.
|A fabric made by weaving, used in making clothing
|a group of neighboring countries that promote trade with each other and erect barriers to limit trade ,\'ith other blocs