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Medical Terms

QuestionAnswer
lying horizontal and face up supine
spread of cancer cells from one part of the body to another metastasis
stopping blood flow using instrument, pressure, and/or a medication hemostasis
manner of walking gait
treating disease by using chemicals that have a toxic effect on the body, especially cancer tissues chemotherapy
diminished hearing due to old age prebycusis
irrational fear phobia
inflammation of middle ear otitis media
incision into tympanic membrane myringotomy
pertaining to tears lacrimal
double vision diplopia
drooping eyelids blepharoptosis
fainting syncope
excessive thirst polydipsia
nerve pain neuralgia
inflammation of meninges meningitis
excessive acidity of bodily fluids due to excessive ketone bodies (waste products) ketoacidosis
excessive secretion of thyroid hormones in blood hyperthyroidism
excessive sugar in urine glycosuria
condition in which eyeballs protrude; generally causes by excessive thyroid hormone (causing brain to swell behind eyes) exophthalmos
inflammation of the brain encephalitis
excess amount of fluid in tissues edma
absence of feeling/sensation anesthesia
absence of pain analgesia
surgical removal/excision of an ovary oophorectomy
a woman who has never produced a viable baby nullipara
kidney disease nephropathy
presence of calculi (stones) in the kidney nephrolithiasis
another term for urination micturition
first menstrual period menarche
destroying or crushing stones in bladder or urethra lithotripsy
within the uterus intrauterine
# of times a woman has been pregnant; a pregnant woman (gravid) gravida
painful or difficult urination dysuria
painful menstration dysmenorrhea
inflammation of urinary bladder cystitis
surgical puncture of chest wall for removal of fluids, air, or pus thoracentesis
collection of air/gas in pleural cavity, may result in collapse of lung pneumothorax
inflammatory condition of lungs that can be caused by bacterial and viral infections, diseased and chemicals pneumonia
visual examination of abdominal and pelvic contents through an endoscope laparoscopy
nosebleed epistaxis
inflammation of the small intestine enteritis
vomiting emesis
difficult or painful breathing dyspnea
upset stomach or indigestion dyspepsia
surgical removal/excision of the gallbladder cholecystectomy
not eating/inability to eat/swallow aphagia
medication to relieve coughing antitussive
fast/rapid heart beat tachycardia
enlargement of spleen splenomegaly
condition caused by blockage of one or more coronary arteries (heart attack) myocardial infarction
general term for lymph node disease lymphadenopahty
too few white blood cells leukopenia
deficiency of blood supply due to an obstruction ischemia
having an immune system that is unable to respond properly to pathogens immunocompromised
study of blood hematology
process of listening to sound of the body using stethoscope ausculation
hardening of arteries caused by formation of plaques of cholestrol on walls of arteries arteriosclerosis
irregular heartbeat/rhythem arrhythmia
severe reaction to an antigen anaphylaxis
pertaining to beneath the skin subcutaneous
decrease in bone mass causing bone to become more porous osteoporosis
tissue death necrotic/necrosis
abnormal condition of hump in thoracic spine; humpback kyphosis
excessive development hypertrophy
redness or flushing of the skin erythema
inflammation of skin dermatitis
slight bluish color of skin due to lack of oxygen cyanosis
slow movement bradykinesia
removal of tissue for examination biopsy
lack of development; wasting away atrophy
x-ray of joints and their soft tissues arthrography
above; towards head superior
divides body or structure into left and right portions sagittal
closest to point of attachment on body proximal
new growth/formation neoplasm
muscle disease myopathy
inside, within a vein intravenous
below; towards feet or tail inferior
study of stomach and small intestine gastroenterology
farthest from point of attachment to body distal
enlargement of the heart cardiomegaly
pertaining to both sides bilateral
gland disease adenopathy
Created by: llangenderfer
 

 



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