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FSHN 450-3 cognitive

QuestionAnswer
How does Parkinson’s occur? destruction of neurons that produce dopamine
What can cause parkinson’s? drugs, environmental toxins, concussions, metabolic calcification, hereditary
What 2 vitamins neuroprotective parkinsons C and E
Tell-tale sign of Parkinson’s micrographia (small handwriting)
Drugs parkinsons need to be combined, effects decrease over time; on-off effects
2 nutrients parkinson's calcium and vitamin D (hip fractures common) mostly just decreased intake
five risk factors for dementia obesity, hypercholesterolemia, atherosclerosis, diabetes, hypertension
diet that may prevent cognitive decline Mediterranean (diet or lifestyle??)
what 2 b-vitamins may be protective for AD B12 and folate
oxidative damage and AD brain susceptible to OD; antioxidants may be protective
hyperphasia AD lack of social inhibition; 25% of patients
what other food protective for AD? fish (DHA)
TIA transient ischemic attack- temporary lack of oxygen to a region of the brain; fainting, weakness, temporary blindness (may precede a stroke)
Bruit broo-ey sound when blood rushes through partially blocked carotid
Paralysis stroke which side? usually contralateral (ipsilateral if behind Circle of Willis)
two types of stroke ischemic and hemorrhagic
adp inhibitors direct thrombin antagonist or inhibit ADP induced platelet aggregation
endarterectomy reduce occlusion of internal carotid arteries
Coumadin herb-diet interaction ginger, ginko, ginseng, garlic
Hemiplegia one-sided weakness or paralysis
Agnosia inability to recognize objects by senses
Apraxia inability to perform purposeful movement
Aphasia lack of speech or understanding
Hemianopsia 1-sided loss of visual field
How to prevent aspiration? body at 90 degree angle
Dysphagia are at risk for what? inadequate fluid intake if on thickened liquids
How to make food more attractive? molds that look like the actual food
Three fluid consistencies pudding, honey, nectar
Created by: melaniebeale
 

 



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