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Sem. 1, Part 3

Greeks and Romans--first semester final exam

TermDefinition
monarchy an early form of government in the Greek city-states in which a hereditary ruler exercised central power
Spartan Some ______ women had the responsibility of running the family's estate because frequent warfare kept Spartan men away from home.
Cleisthenes changed the government of Athens forever when he created a legislature (Assembly of 500), creating a limited democracy
Aristotle Greek philosopher who believed good conduct meant pursuing the "Golden Mean"
Peloponnesian War resulted in the end of Athenian domination of the Greek world and led to the rise of Alexander the Great
Zeus the most powerful Greek god
Republic In his ______________, Plato describes his vision of an ideal state ruled by philosopher-king.
acropolis In a Greek city-state, the _______ was the location of temples dedicated to different gods and goddesses.
oligarchy a form of government in the Greek city-state where power was in the hands of a small, wealthy elite that came from the middle class
India Alexander the Great extended his empire as far east as ______.
Patricians in the early Roman republic, members of the landholding upper class
Carthaginians in the Punic Wars, Rome gained control of lands around the Mediterranean Sea by defeating the _______.
Judea Christianity first developed in the region of _______, in the Roman Empire.
Diocletian to try to restore order to the empire, this Roman emperor divided the empire into 2 parts
Huns Large numbers of Germanic peoples crossed into the lands of the Roman empire in the late 300s to escape the _______.
Hannibal the great Carthaginian general who nearly defeated the Romans in the Second Punic War
Julius Caesar his enemies assassinated him because they feared he planned to make himself king of Rome and the end the Republic
aqueducts the Romans used their engineering skills to build _____ to bring water into Roman cities
civil law a system of law that developed under the Roman Republic and applied to citizens
Paul made the greatest contribution toward setting Christianity on the road to becoming a world religion, by spreading it throughout the empire
Constantine the emperor who made the important decision to grant religious toleration to Christians
economic heavy taxes helped to push the middle classes into poverty, which contributed to the ____________ weakening of the government.
Created by: harmona71