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Chp 13 Middle Ages

Charlemagne unites Germanic Kingdoms, Feudalism, Chivalry, power of the Church

The gradual decline of the Roman Empire issued an era in European history called Middle Ages
Religious communities are known as monastaries
When the church becomes more involved in worldly things, it is called secular
Who was responsible for the church becoming more secular? Pope Gregory I
Also known as Charles the Great, this Frankish leader became the first one to be called Holy Roman Emperor Charlemagne
Another name for a titled landowner lord
Name of a piece of land that is granted to other to work fief
The person in a feudal system receiving the fief to work on it vassal
A mounted horsemen who pledge to defend their lord's land in exchange for a fief knight
people who could not lawfully leave the lord's manor and had to stay in the land on which they were born serf
lord's estate manor
church tax vassals had to pay that accounted for 1/10th of their income tithe
complex set of ideals that demanded that a knight fights bravely to his three masters chivalry
Who are the three masters that a knight had to defend heavenly lord, feudal lord, chosen lady
all church officials that fall below the pope clergy
an important religious ceremony sacrament
a medieval church law that was passed that all Christians had to follow and usually pertained to such things as marriage or religious practices cannon law
a ceremony in which kings and nobles had the power to appoint church officials lay investiture
taking away a person's membership in the church...basically being banned excommunicated
order from the pope that all sacraments and religious ceremonies could not be performed on a king's land who was excommunicated interdict
what were the three effects of repeated Germanic invasion population shifts, downfall of cities , and disruption of trade
Name of the treaty that divided Charlemagne's empire amongst the three sons of Louis the Pious Treaty of Verdun
The three predominant social classes in the middles ages are those who prayed, those who fought, those who worked
the political system of the middle ages was.... feudalism
the economic system of the middle ages was manor system
Describe the characteristics of Germanic Society around 600 A.D. There was no written language, decline of learning, did not have allegiance to their king, had loyalties to local rulers, organized themselves into kingdoms, no common language
How was the feudal pyramid structured? King, Noble/Church official, Knight , artisans/merchants, and peasant.
Created by: fatmehreda