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med terminology

medical terminology unit 4 (Procedures/ Specialists/Diseases)

TermDefinition
Hypospadias below the fleshy spike
Hydrocele fluid filled sac partially surrounding the testis
Varicocele dilated and twisted veins of the testis
Cryptorchidism hidden testicle
Benign prostatic hypertrophy (BPH) swelling of the prostate gland which surrounds the base of the male bladder and urethra causing difficulty urinating
Transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) the surgical cure for BPH
Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA) is a marker protein for prostate cell secretions which can be detected with a lab test
Endometriosis a condition involving colonization of the abdominal/pelvic cavity with islands of endometrial tissue
Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) female abdominal cavity has a direct anatomical path from the outside world via the female reproductive tract.
Prolapsed uterus the uterus is almost directly above the vagina
Obstetrician midwife, A physician specializing in the diagnosis and management of pregnancy and delivering babies
Gynecologist specializing in diseases of the female reproductive system and surgery of the area
Episiotomy surgical procedure cutting into the perineal area
Hysterosalpingogram X-ray of the uterus and uteriine tubes involving passing an opaque dye backwards up though the uterus to determine if the tubes are patent
Colposcopy magnifying instrument to inspect the interior of the vagina and cervix
Dilatation and curettage (D&C) dilating the cervix,the entrance into the uterus, and passing instruments that enable scrapping off superficial layers of the endometrium
Mammoplasty Surgical reconstruction of the breast may involve breast enlargement or reduction or cosmetic reconstruction after mastectomy
Arthritis joint tissues become less resilient to wear and tear and start to degenerate manifesting as swelling, pain, and oftentimes, loss of mobility of joints
Osteoporosis "porous bone"the hard, rock like quality of bone is dependent upon calcium
Osteomalacia soft bone, if not enough calcium is deposited during early childhood development, the bones do not become rock-hard, but rubbery
Carpal tunnel syndrome people whose job involves repeated flexing of their wrist may develop tingling and or pain in their thumb, index and middle fingers along with weakness of movements of the thumb, especially, grasping an object
Tendonitis repeated strain on a tendon, attachment of a muscle to bone, can inflame the tendon resulting in pain and difficulty with movement involving the muscle
Rotator cuff tear muscles surrounding the shoulder joint are involved in rotating the shoulder with upper arm and hand forward and backward, among other movements
Bursitis a bursa is a small, closed bag with a minimum amount of lubricatory fluid that serves as a shock absorber where bones make close contact and to minimize trauma and friction where tendons cross bones and joints
Muscular dystrophy inherited disease leads to degeneration and weakness of muscles manifesting at birth
Myasthenia gravis Muscular weakness profound. This is an autoimmune disease that involves production of antibodies that interfere with nerves stimulating muscle contractions
Lupus erthematosus An autoimmune disease wherein the body produces antibodies against a variety of organs, esecially connective tissues of skin and joints
Orthoaedist to straighten up children, Is a surgical subspecialty that in the past devoted much of its time to treating musculoskeletal deformities in children
Rheumatologist to study the flux of fluids, Treat joint diseases such as the various forms of arthritis
physical Therapist specialists treating a multitude of medical problems including recovering
Arthroscopy fiberoptic instrument is introduced into a joint cavity in order to visualize surfaces of bones entering into a joint
bone Scan radioactive element in very small amounts, is introuced into the blood stream
Electromygraphy a recording of muscle electrical activity
Muscle Biopsy cutting out a small tissuse sample of the muscle.
Created by: casperdoe
 

 



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